What Is Mania?

Mania is a psychological condition that causes a person to experience unreasonable euphoria, very intense moods, hyperactivity, and delusions. Mania (or manic episodes) is a common symptom of bipolar disorder.

Mania is a drastic change in someone’s behaviour that affects their ability to function in daily life over a certain period of time.

Mania can be a dangerous condition for several reasons.

People may not sleep or eat while in a manic episode.

They may engage in risky behaviors and harm themselves.

People with mania have a greater risk of experiencing hallucinations and other perceptual disturbances.

What Causes Mania?

  1. Family history may play a factor in mania.
  2. People whose parents or siblings have the condition are more likely to experience a manic episode (National Alliance on Mental Illness).
  3. However, having a family member with manic episodes does not mean a person will definitely experience them.
  4. Some people are prone to mania or manic episodes because of an underlying medical condition or psychiatric illness, such as bipolar disorder. A trigger or a combination of triggers can cause mania in these people.
  5. Brain scans to show that some patients with mania have slightly different brain structures or activity. Physicians do not use brain scans to diagnose mania or bipolar disorder.
  6. Environmental changes can trigger mania.
  7. Stressful life events, such as the death of a loved one, can contribute to mania.
  8. Financial stress, relationships, and illness can also cause manic episodes.
  9. Conditions like hypothyroidism can also contribute to manic episodes.

What Are the Symptoms of Mania?

The Impact of Manic Symptoms During Bipolar Mania | HealthyPlace

What Is a Manic Episode? What Do Manic Episodes Feel Like? | HealthyPlace

  1. Patients with mania exhibit extreme excitement and euphoria, as well as other intense moods.
  2. They are hyperactive and may experience hallucinations or delusions.
  3. Some patients feel jumpy and extremely anxious.
  4. A manic person’s mood can quickly change from manic to depressive, with extremely low energy levels.
  5. Manic episodes make a person feel as if he or she has a tremendous amount of energy.
  6. They can cause body systems to speed up, as if everything in the world is moving faster.
  7. People with mania may have racing thoughts and rapid speech.
  8. Mania can prevent sleep or cause poor work performance.
  9. People with mania may become delusional.
  10. They may be easily irritated or distracted, exhibit risky behaviour, and go on spending sprees.
  11. People with mania can have aggressive behaviour.
  12. Drug or alcohol abuse is another symptom of mania.
  13. A milder form of mania is called hypomania.
  14. Hypomania is associated with the preceding symptoms, but to a lesser degree.
  15. Episodes of hypomania also last a shorter amount of time than manic episodes.

How Is Mania Diagnosed?

  1. A physician or psychiatrist can evaluate a patient for mania by asking questions and discussing symptoms.
  2. Direct observations can indicate that a patient is having a manic episode.
  3. In addition to a disturbed mood, patients must experience at least three of the following symptoms:
  4. He or she is easily distracted.
  5. He or she engages in risky or impulsive behaviour.
  6. This includes spending sprees, business investments, or risky sexual practices.
  7. He or she has racing thoughts.
  8. He or she has a reduced need for sleep.
  9. He or she has obsessive thoughts.
  10. A manic episode disrupts a person’s life and negatively affects relationships, as well as work or school.
  11. Many manic episodes require hospitalization to stabilize the patient’s mood and prevent self-harm.
  12. In some instances, hallucinations or delusions are part of manic episodes. For example, a person may believe that he or she is famous or has superpowers.
  13. For the person’s state to be considered a manic episode, symptoms must not be the result of outside influences, such as abuse of drugs or alcohol.

How Is Mania Treated?

  • Hospitalization can be necessary if a patient’s mania is severe or is accompanied by psychosis. Hospitalization can help a patient from injuring himself or herself.
  • Medications
  • Medications are typically the first line of mania treatment. These medications are prescribed to balance a patient’s mood and reduce the risk of self-injury.
  • Do not ignore Homeopathic treatment from a well qualified homeopathic doctor
  • Medications should be used only as prescribed by a medical professional.

Psychotherapy

  • Psychotherapy sessions can help a patient identify mania triggers.
  • They can also help patients manage stress.
  • Family or group therapy may also help.
  • In rare cases, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be an option if mania becomes life-threatening, or for people who have bipolar disorder which does not respond to other treatments. ECT passes controlled currents of electricity through the brain to cause a brief seizure in order to affect certain chemicals and neurons within the brain.
  • Living with mania
  • People may find the following strategies can help in day-to-day living with mania or a condition that involves mania, such as bipolar disorder:
  • keeping track of moods in order to monitor them
  • identifying personal triggers, and try to avoid or limit them where possible
  • learning to recognize the warning signs of a manic episode
  • making a plan to help manage a manic episode better, such as avoiding certain situations that may worsen symptoms, getting to sleep early, and postponing any major decisions
  • sticking to a routine, and setting an alarm if it helps people remember to take medication consistently
  • making time for relaxation and activities that reduce stress
  • planning and managing finances to help reduce any financial concerns
  • planning for an emergency, and having any important contact numbers close to hand
  • maintaining physical health by eating a nutritious diet, as well as getting regular exercise and plenty of sleep
  • talking to family and friends about how mania feels, and how they may help with any self-care plans or reminders
  • finding a support group locally or online to connect with people going through similar experiences
  • contact a homeopathic doctor for cure.

Mind Tree - Mania And Bipolar Disorder Mind Tree -

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