What Is Mania?
Mania is a psychological condition that causes a person to experience unreasonable euphoria, very intense moods, hyperactivity, and delusions. Mania (or manic episodes) is a common symptom of bipolar disorder.
Mania is a drastic change in someone’s behaviour that affects their ability to function in daily life over a certain period of time.
Mania can be a dangerous condition for several reasons.
People may not sleep or eat while in a manic episode.
They may engage in risky behaviors and harm themselves.
People with mania have a greater risk of experiencing hallucinations and other perceptual disturbances.
What Causes Mania?
- Family history may play a factor in mania.
- People whose parents or siblings have the condition are more likely to experience a manic episode (National Alliance on Mental Illness).
- However, having a family member with manic episodes does not mean a person will definitely experience them.
- Some people are prone to mania or manic episodes because of an underlying medical condition or psychiatric illness, such as bipolar disorder. A trigger or a combination of triggers can cause mania in these people.
- Brain scans to show that some patients with mania have slightly different brain structures or activity. Physicians do not use brain scans to diagnose mania or bipolar disorder.
- Environmental changes can trigger mania.
- Stressful life events, such as the death of a loved one, can contribute to mania.
- Financial stress, relationships, and illness can also cause manic episodes.
- Conditions like hypothyroidism can also contribute to manic episodes.
What Are the Symptoms of Mania?
- Patients with mania exhibit extreme excitement and euphoria, as well as other intense moods.
- They are hyperactive and may experience hallucinations or delusions.
- Some patients feel jumpy and extremely anxious.
- A manic person’s mood can quickly change from manic to depressive, with extremely low energy levels.
- Manic episodes make a person feel as if he or she has a tremendous amount of energy.
- They can cause body systems to speed up, as if everything in the world is moving faster.
- People with mania may have racing thoughts and rapid speech.
- Mania can prevent sleep or cause poor work performance.
- People with mania may become delusional.
- They may be easily irritated or distracted, exhibit risky behaviour, and go on spending sprees.
- People with mania can have aggressive behaviour.
- Drug or alcohol abuse is another symptom of mania.
- A milder form of mania is called hypomania.
- Hypomania is associated with the preceding symptoms, but to a lesser degree.
- Episodes of hypomania also last a shorter amount of time than manic episodes.
How Is Mania Diagnosed?
- A physician or psychiatrist can evaluate a patient for mania by asking questions and discussing symptoms.
- Direct observations can indicate that a patient is having a manic episode.
- In addition to a disturbed mood, patients must experience at least three of the following symptoms:
- He or she is easily distracted.
- He or she engages in risky or impulsive behaviour.
- This includes spending sprees, business investments, or risky sexual practices.
- He or she has racing thoughts.
- He or she has a reduced need for sleep.
- He or she has obsessive thoughts.
- A manic episode disrupts a person’s life and negatively affects relationships, as well as work or school.
- Many manic episodes require hospitalization to stabilize the patient’s mood and prevent self-harm.
- In some instances, hallucinations or delusions are part of manic episodes. For example, a person may believe that he or she is famous or has superpowers.
- For the person’s state to be considered a manic episode, symptoms must not be the result of outside influences, such as abuse of drugs or alcohol.
How Is Mania Treated?
- Hospitalization can be necessary if a patient’s mania is severe or is accompanied by psychosis. Hospitalization can help a patient from injuring himself or herself.
- Medications are typically the first line of mania treatment. These medications are prescribed to balance a patient’s mood and reduce the risk of self-injury.
- Do not ignore Homeopathic treatment from a well qualified homeopathic doctor
- Medications should be used only as prescribed by a medical professional.
- Psychotherapy sessions can help a patient identify mania triggers.
- They can also help patients manage stress.
- Family or group therapy may also help.
- In rare cases, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be an option if mania becomes life-threatening, or for people who have bipolar disorder which does not respond to other treatments. ECT passes controlled currents of electricity through the brain to cause a brief seizure in order to affect certain chemicals and neurons within the brain.
- Living with mania
- People may find the following strategies can help in day-to-day living with mania or a condition that involves mania, such as bipolar disorder:
- keeping track of moods in order to monitor them
- identifying personal triggers, and try to avoid or limit them where possible
- learning to recognize the warning signs of a manic episode
- making a plan to help manage a manic episode better, such as avoiding certain situations that may worsen symptoms, getting to sleep early, and postponing any major decisions
- sticking to a routine, and setting an alarm if it helps people remember to take medication consistently
- making time for relaxation and activities that reduce stress
- planning and managing finances to help reduce any financial concerns
- planning for an emergency, and having any important contact numbers close to hand
- maintaining physical health by eating a nutritious diet, as well as getting regular exercise and plenty of sleep
- talking to family and friends about how mania feels, and how they may help with any self-care plans or reminders
- finding a support group locally or online to connect with people going through similar experiences
- contact a homeopathic doctor for cure.