Chair’s foreword

Simply over 2 years in the past, the pandemic hit our shores; faculties, schools and workplaces have been closed to many; our lives have been disrupted in an unprecedented means. The summer time examination sequence for GCSE, AS and A stage has now returned for the primary time in 2 years. Over one million college students will take these exams. Vocational and technical {qualifications} (VTQs) and apprenticeship assessments have been taken by many extra. This return to exams and formal assessments has been welcomed by college students, mother and father and academics regardless of the difficulties many have confronted in these difficult occasions.

I would love, initially, to applaud college students of all ages, and apprentices, for his or her resilience and willpower. I’d additionally like to supply heartfelt due to the academics, college and faculty leaders, exams officers, coaching suppliers and employers who’ve supported their college students and apprentices each step of the best way and labored in methods hitherto unimaginable.

At Ofqual, we’ve got seen an excessive amount of change. What has not modified is our duty to everybody who takes, makes use of and depends on {qualifications}. {Qualifications} play an important position in our training and coaching system. {Qualifications} have to be top quality, truthful for individuals who take them, and stand the check of time.

In January 2021, the federal government determined that it could now not be truthful for GCSE, AS and A stage exams to happen in summer time 2021 due to the disruption to college students’ training brought on by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. For a similar cause, it was determined that it could additionally not be truthful for timetabled exams and assessments for a lot of VTQs to happen. Ofqual’s problem was to place in place preparations to award {qualifications} within the absence of exams.

Ofqual labored at tempo with the Division for Schooling (DfE). We consulted on parallel basic and vocational qualification contingency frameworks, which noticed a excessive diploma of consensus from over 100,000 respondents. Our focus was on ensuring that outcomes have been issued on time and have been, so far as doable, an correct indication of pupil efficiency as judged by their academics. Ofqual labored with examination boards to help employees at faculties, schools and different examination centres to find out GCSE, AS and A stage grades for 2021. These centres submitted 5.7 million instructor assessed grades in June 2021: a major achievement and a tough and vital process. Related preparations have been put in place for VTQs that gave awarding organisations the flexibleness to award tons of of 1000’s of VTQ certificates throughout 2021.

Our strategy was pushed by the pursuits of scholars and apprentices and our precedence was to verify all those that had been working in direction of exams and assessments in 2021 had the absolute best probability to exhibit their data and expertise. Grades have been awarded as pretty as doable, enabling college students to maneuver on with confidence to the following stage of their lives, to additional or greater training, coaching or employment.

I thank our interim Chief Regulator, Simon Lebus, in put up from January to September 2021. I welcome Dr Jo Saxton’s appointment to the position and the numerous progress that has been made in her first 9 months. I’m additionally very grateful for the engagement of so many stakeholders in our work. Solely by working collectively can we safe {qualifications} that meet the pursuits of scholars, apprentices, employers and all those who use {qualifications} each at present and properly into the long run.

Ian Bauckham CBE
Chair
5 July 2022

Efficiency report

Overview

On this part, we define Ofqual’s position and supply an evaluation of our efficiency in opposition to our targets and goals over the reporting interval.

Ofqual’s position

The Workplace of {Qualifications} and Examinations Regulation (Ofqual) is the impartial {qualifications} regulator for England. Ofqual is a Non-Ministerial Division and regulates round 205 awarding organisations, and about 12,250 {qualifications} for which certificates have been issued final yr. These embrace GCSEs, AS and A ranges, and a broad vary of VTQs.

Ofqual was created beneath the Apprenticeships, Expertise, Youngsters and Studying Act 2009. Parliament requires Ofqual to:

  • safe requirements in {qualifications} and apprenticeship end-point assessments
  • promote public confidence in {qualifications}, apprenticeship end-point assessments and Nationwide Assessments
  • oversee Nationwide Assessments and guarantee their validity
  • enhance public consciousness and understanding of the vary of {qualifications} out there, to help readability of alternative available in the market
  • safe that {qualifications} are offered effectively and that their value represents worth for cash
  • increase consciousness of the advantages of regulated {qualifications}, and of being a regulated awarding organisation

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has had a deep influence on the training and coaching of younger individuals and adults throughout the nation. The wants and pursuits of these college students, apprentices and all those who use and depend on {qualifications} proceed to be on the coronary heart of our work. In mild of the pandemic, we targeted on 4 priorities. These have been:

  1. Regulating GCSE, AS and A ranges in response to the pandemic.
    1.Regulating vocational and technical {qualifications} in response to the pandemic.
  2. Supporting high quality in regulated {qualifications} and assessments.
  3. Managing our individuals, assets and methods.

As a Non-Ministerial Division, Ofqual receives its core funding immediately from Her Majesty’s Treasury (HM Treasury). The place we undertake particular exercise to help the federal government’s wide-ranging expertise reform programmes, we obtain extra funding from the DfE. In 2021 to 2022, our funding was secured by the 2020 Spending Evaluate (SR20). We acquired funding of £25.531 million, together with £5.490 million to ship key milestones within the following programmes:

  • regulation of apprenticeship end-point assessments (EPAs)
  • strengthening non-GCSE efficiency desk {qualifications} at Key Stage 4
  • T Ranges
  • Digital Purposeful Expertise
  • assessment of {qualifications} at stage 3 and under

Regulatory strategy

Ofqual has a variety of regulatory instruments to safe its goals. Annually we undertake actions focused on the biggest dangers to our statutory goals. We discuss and hearken to a variety of stakeholders in order that our work is focused properly and our choices are correctly knowledgeable by these they’ll have an effect on.

Ofqual controls entry to the regulated market, creates guidelines and offers steerage for awarding organisations to make sure regulated {qualifications} are match for goal, legitimate and delivered safely. Ofqual screens {qualifications} as they’re delivered and evaluates how {qualifications} operate to make sure they’re assembly the wants of customers and are being delivered safely and effectively. The place {qualifications} should not assembly customers’ and learners’ wants, we’ve got a variety of enforcement instruments at our disposal to verify the state of affairs is put proper.

Awarding organisations are required to report back to us the place incidents can or might happen which may have an effect on learners, requirements or public confidence. Ofqual then screens their administration of these incidents with the power to intervene the place essential to mitigate any adversarial influence. We collect knowledge and publish statistics to offer transparency on key options of {qualifications} and the {qualifications} market. The place applicable, Ofqual makes use of the reform of {qualifications} as a chance to make sure that {qualifications} are properly designed, threats to validity are minimised, and dangers to secure supply are anticipated and mitigated.

{Qualifications} regulators throughout the devolved administrations work intently collectively and align our approaches the place doable as a way to minimise the burden on these affected by our rules.

Abstract of key actions

The principle focus of Ofqual’s work in 2021 to 2022 has been responding to the pandemic and the disruption it prompted to college students’ training. In January 2021, the federal government determined that it could not be truthful for GCSE, AS and A stage exams to happen in summer time 2021 because of the differential influence of the pandemic. Following a public session, Ofqual put in place an alternate strategy that awarded grades as assessed by academics. Once more, in mild of the pandemic, it was additionally authorities coverage that it was not viable for timetabled exams and assessments for a lot of VTQs to happen. After a parallel session, Ofqual applied a versatile framework to allow and help the awarding of outcomes to college students all through 2021.

Alongside responding to the pandemic, Ofqual continued to ship a broad programme of reforms, together with transitioning apprenticeship EPAs into regulation, the continued roll-out of T Ranges, contributing to the federal government’s assessment of post-16 {qualifications} at stage 3 and under, and reviewing new higher-level technical {qualifications} at ranges 4 and 5. Ofqual performs an lively position in these reforms, working intently with the Institute for Apprenticeships and Technical Schooling (IfATE), to safe top quality {qualifications} for college students of all ages and apprentices.

Chief Regulator’s assessment of the yr

I joined Ofqual as Chief Regulator in September 2021, after a summer time awarding season with out the standard GCSE, AS and A stage exams going down. I pay tribute to all these working in faculties, schools and examination centres who labored so tirelessly all through the spring and summer time of 2021 to offer teacher-assessed grades in order that 1.2 million college students might progress with the following stage of their training or life plans.

In spring and summer time 2021 alone, awarding organisations, working intently with centres, issued greater than one million qualification outcomes to college students taking VTQs. This was a major achievement, led to by the swift introduction of revolutionary measures to mitigate the disruption brought on by the pandemic. In some instances, teacher-assessed grades have been used to evaluate efficiency and in others, college students undertook tailored assessments.

The pursuits of scholars and apprentices are my compass and Ofqual’s true north. These pursuits inform all our choices and actions. {Qualifications} are a passport to the long run, and our position at Ofqual is to be sure that regulated {qualifications} are trusted, understood, good high quality and truthful. {Qualifications} open doorways.

Since becoming a member of Ofqual, my most instant precedence has been to verify {qualifications} will be delivered and awarded securely in 2022. I recognise the continuing influence of the pandemic on college students’ training, and that many college students who took A ranges or different stage 3 {qualifications} this summer time had not sat a public examination earlier than. I additionally know that college students, mother and father and the general public at giant have been eager to see the return of exams and formal assessments as we take steps again to normality.

Working alongside the DfE, one in every of my first acts as Chief Regulator was to introduce an unprecedented bundle of help for college students, together with advance data on examination content material in lots of GCSE, AS and A stage topics and a beneficiant strategy to grading in comparison with pre-pandemic. For the varied vary of VTQs on supply, Ofqual saved the flexibleness in place for awarding organisations to do what was proper for college students, enabling a variety of diversifications, similar to distant evaluation or distant invigilation.

I used to be glad to see the distinctive autumn examination sequence in October and November 2021, giving college students the chance to attempt to enhance their grade from summer time 2021, in the event that they wished. I used to be thrilled to see exams and assessments happen for a broad vary of vocational and technical {qualifications} in January 2022. I congratulate all these concerned.

Maybe probably the most rewarding a part of my position is listening to college students, academics and leaders in faculties and schools throughout England. I launched Ofqual’s first ever listening tour final autumn, going to colleges and schools the size and breadth of the nation, and becoming a member of individuals just about when the pandemic bought in the best way. This enabled me to listen to first-hand college students’ views on the return to exams, and to issue these views into our decision-making. I’m very grateful to all these faculties and schools which were so beneficiant with their time, and to all of the individuals who have engaged with Ofqual. We can’t be efficient with out them.

I’m additionally grateful to IfATE. Our strategic partnership work on T Ranges, Increased Technical {Qualifications} and Apprenticeship EPAs has continued at tempo this yr. Ofqual has additionally supported the introduction of the DfE’s assessment of post-16 {qualifications} at stage 3 and under, work on which is simply starting,

All year long Ofqual’s individuals and IT infrastructure have proved resilient and succesful. I’m grateful to all Ofqual colleagues for his or her professionalism, dedication and arduous work.

We are actually trying ahead to this yr’s awarding and the outcomes of scholars’ endeavours.

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

Efficiency evaluation

Particulars about how we delivered every of our 4 organisational priorities in 2021 to 2022 are offered under.

Regulating GCSE, AS and A ranges in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic

Ofqual is chargeable for regulating GCSEs, AS and A ranges in England, often known as basic {qualifications}. Our goals, based mostly on our statutory goals and duties, are set out in our company plan 2021 to 2022.

Our regulation of basic {qualifications} in England takes place within the context of presidency coverage. In recent times, nearly all of assessments for these {qualifications} have been carried out on the finish of scholars’ programs of examine. For GCSEs and A ranges this might usually contain exams on the finish of a 2-year course (1 yr for AS {qualifications}). In summer time 2021, because of the pandemic, exams didn’t happen, subsequently Ofqual oversaw preparations for examination boards to award teacher-assessed grades (TAGs) for basic {qualifications} and Undertaking and Superior Extension Award {qualifications}.

This was the second yr of a major change to the character of our work in comparison with pre-pandemic years, the place our focus can be on monitoring examination supply, the standard of marking and moderation, and awarding.

Getting ready for summer time 2021

On 4 January 2021, the federal government introduced that exams couldn’t go forward pretty in 2021 because of the persevering with influence of the pandemic. By the top of March 2021, Ofqual had confirmed preparations for figuring out outcomes. This adopted a joint coverage session with the DfE, which acquired over 100,000 responses, and a subsequent technical session on the regulatory guidelines we might put in place in order that examination boards might ship and award {qualifications} in accordance with the coverage choices. We took our choices in mild of responses to our consultations and within the context of a proper path to Ofqual from the Secretary of State for Schooling.

Ofqual revealed its regulatory framework on basic {qualifications} awarding in summer time 2021, the Basic {Qualifications} Various Awarding Framework, steerage for heads of centre, heads of division and academics, and data for centres about making goal judgements. We additionally oversaw the examination boards and the Joint Council for {Qualifications} to make sure that their steerage on the processes centres ought to observe to generate and submit their TAGs, and the details about the standard assurance course of, was complete and as useful as doable.

Ofqual subsequently began the yr on which we’re reporting with a transparent understanding of the idea on which basic {qualifications} can be awarded in 2021. That isn’t to say, nonetheless, that there was no extra preparation to finish. In April 2021, as soon as the Basic {Qualifications} Various Awarding Framework had come into impact, we met with every examination board to evaluate their readiness to award grades to college students.

Ofqual recognized no critical issues however used this chance to substantiate our view of the important thing areas of danger for awarding outcomes in the summertime that they would want to handle. We met with the examination boards each individually and collectively all through the spring and summer time to debate their preparations and progress.

High quality assurance

The strategy to awarding grades in summer time 2021 permitted by Ofqual gave centres discretion to determine the best way to collect proof of their college students’ efficiency on the content material that they had been taught. This allowed centres to take note of related work already undertaken, set new assessments written by academics or use questions offered by the examination boards, and fluctuate the strategy used for particular person college students the place that was applicable for his or her particular person circumstances.

Ofqual’s guidelines required examination boards to make sure that centres put in place inside high quality assurance preparations, together with a centre coverage which set out every centre’s strategy. They have been required to verify not less than 2 individuals have been concerned in every judgement and the pinnacle of every college or faculty needed to sign-off the grades. They have been additionally required to submit samples of scholars’ work in several topics and qualification ranges to the examination boards. The samples have been decided by the examination boards.

Examination boards put in place exterior high quality assurance preparations, checking every centre’s coverage, reviewing the profile of grades submitted, and reviewing samples of pupil work on each a focused and random foundation.

The examination boards checked out proof of scholars’ efficiency from 1,101 out of 5,864 centres in England (19%) with GCSE, AS and A stage entries. Between them, these centres made 22% of the entire GCSE, AS and A stage entries recorded in England.

If the examination boards’ high quality assurance led to issues with the TAGs awarded, the examination boards’ topic consultants checked out additional proof and mentioned the centre’s strategy to figuring out grades extra typically. Of the 1,101 centres whose college students’ work was checked out by the examination boards, 159 have been topic to such extra scrutiny. 133 had their authentic TAGs upheld following additional exemplification by centre employees, and 26 have been requested to revisit their TAGs. We monitored the adjustments to TAGs on account of the standard assurance course of. Throughout the 26 centres requested to revisit their judgments, 195 TAGs modified, of which 179 TAGs decreased and 16 TAGs elevated.

Entries

Workers in school, faculty and different examination centres submitted 5.7 million grades for college students taking GCSE, AS and A stage {qualifications} in England in summer time 2021. These comprised 4.9 million GCSE grades, 57,360 AS grades, and 754,520 A stage grades.

Total, GCSE entries remained secure (roughly 5.3 million) in 2021 (a rise of 0.4% on 2020), although an increase in entries from yr 11 college students masked decreases in entries from decrease yr teams and from candidates older than 16. A stage entries for summer time 2021 elevated by about 3% on 2020, partly reflecting a change within the dimension of the general age cohort. AS entries for summer time 2021 decreased by over 30% on 2020, persevering with a development seen in these {qualifications} since reforms decoupling them from A ranges.

Outcomes days and outcomes

For the primary time, each GCSE and AS and A stage outcomes have been issued in the identical week, on 10 and 12 August respectively.

Total A stage outcomes have been greater at grade A and above in comparison with 2020 (44.3% in 2021 in contrast with 38.1% in 2020, and 25.2% in 2019). Outcomes have been additionally greater at grade B and above in comparison with 2020 (69.8% in 2021 in contrast with 65.4% in 2020, and 51.1% in 2019), whereas outcomes have been comparatively secure at decrease grades (C to E).

Equally, general GCSE outcomes have been greater at grade 7 and above in comparison with 2020 (28.5% in 2021 in contrast with 25.9% in 2020, and 20.7% in 2019) and comparatively secure at grade 4 and above in comparison with 2020 (76.9% in 2021 in contrast with 75.9% in 2020, and 67.1% in 2019).

For each GCSEs and A ranges, the general enhance in outcomes this yr in comparison with earlier years is more likely to replicate the change in evaluation preparations, for instance, academics might have given college students some good thing about the doubt throughout the a number of alternatives many college students needed to present what that they had realized and will do – fairly completely different from finish after all exams.

Ofqual outcomes and equality analyses confirmed basic stability within the variations in outcomes for college students with completely different protected traits in comparison with earlier years and elevated grades for a lot of teams. This means that the adjustments to the evaluation preparations have lessened the unevenness in outcomes we might in any other case have seen due to the differential influence of the pandemic if exams had taken place.

Put up-results

When Ofqual revealed choices on how grades for GCSEs, AS and A ranges needs to be decided in summer time 2021, we confirmed that college students would have the proper to enchantment. In contrast to in different years, on condition that it was the centre itself that had decided college students’ grades, college students (quite than their centres) might determine whether or not to enchantment, with the enchantment being submitted by the centre on the coed’s behalf.

Ofqual required examination boards to take a two-stage strategy to appeals, firstly permitting college students who believed their grade didn’t replicate their efficiency to ask their centre to test whether or not it made an administrative or procedural error when figuring out their TAG. If a pupil nonetheless believed their grade was mistaken following the end result of their centre assessment, they may ask their centre to submit an enchantment on their behalf to the examination board. The scholar wanted to state what they thought had gone mistaken by choosing the suitable grounds of enchantment. The proof centres have been required to offer differed relying on the grounds on which the coed appealed.

The principle findings within the provisional variety of appeals for GCSE, AS and A stage in summer time 2021 in England have been:

17,490 of the 6 million grades licensed for GCSEs, AS and A ranges have been challenged (0.3% of all grades licensed)

6,000 of the 6 million grades licensed for GCSEs, AS and stage have been modified as a part of an upheld enchantment in summer time 2021 (0.1% of all grades licensed)

the most typical floor for an enchantment was unreasonable train of educational judgement

Getting ready for summer time 2022 – exams

The federal government has been clear all year long that college students getting into GCSEs, AS or A ranges in 2022 ought to count on to take exams in the summertime and full any non-exam assessments throughout their course.

With this in thoughts, Ofqual labored all year long to make sure that exams and different assessments might proceed as deliberate. We consulted, along with the DfE, on proposed preparations for summer time 2022 in July and August 2021.

In placing collectively the proposals, Ofqual and the DfE have been in a position to attract on the suggestions we acquired in response to consultations from July and December 2020 which set out proposals for diversifications to exams in 2021, had they gone forward.

The DfE determined to implement the coverage proposals set out within the session doc. Ofqual confirmed that it might successfully regulate evaluation preparations for GCSEs, AS and A ranges in summer time 2022 in mild of those choices and adjusted its rules as applicable.

The bundle of help for college students taking exams in summer time 2022 is unprecedented. The wide selection of diversifications, together with non-compulsory content material or subjects in 4 GCSE topics, advance details about the main target of the content material of the exams for all different GCSE, AS and A stage topics, the availability of equation and formulae sheets and modifications to the necessities for non-exam evaluation and sensible work in quite a few topics, have been designed to mitigate among the strain on instructing time and the strain that college students expertise when revising for and sitting exams. We imagine that, taken collectively, this bundle of measures has supported academics and college students and enabled exams to go forward in 2022.

Getting ready for summer time 2022 – grading

Ofqual has statutory goals to take care of requirements and promote public confidence in exams and {qualifications}. We even have an obligation to have regard to the pursuits of learners. Returning to the pre-pandemic commonplace is a precedence, however within the pursuits of equity, and balancing these goals, we won’t accomplish that in a single leap. As a substitute, 2022 will probably be a transition yr to replicate that we’re in a pandemic restoration interval and college students’ training has been disrupted. In 2022 nationwide outcomes will probably be awarded to replicate a halfway level between these of 2021 and 2019. 

As in every other yr, examination boards will use knowledge as a place to begin, to align their requirements in a topic. That will probably be based mostly on a mean of 2019 and 2021 outcomes for every topic. The grade boundaries for every specification will probably be set by the senior examiners, after all, after they’ve reviewed the work produced by college students. Outcomes general will possible be greater than in 2019, however not as excessive as in 2020. The precise place will fluctuate by topic and by grade.

Getting ready for summer time 2022 – contingencies

Whereas planning for the secure and efficient supply of exams in summer time 2022, we’ve got concurrently developed and refined plans for the contingencies which might be put in place if the pandemic took an surprising flip and exams couldn’t go forward.

Ofqual consulted collectively with the DfE on proposed contingency preparations for awarding TAGs, within the unlikely occasion that exams weren’t capable of go forward as deliberate. We sought views within the session on draft steerage for academics on how they need to gather proof that might inform TAGs, ought to they be wanted. We proposed that academics ought to gather proof at factors within the yr that labored finest for them and their college students, by assessing college students in ways in which would assist them put together for the exams we anticipated them to absorb the summer time – for instance by assessing in exam-like situations wherever doable. This may each assist to make sure that the work was genuine and provides college students examination expertise.

Ofqual purposefully didn’t suggest how academics ought to use the proof they collected to find out TAGs, for two causes. Firstly, we didn’t need academics to spend time creating TAGs until exams have been cancelled and TAGs have been wanted. Secondly, any strategy we might take would want to take account of the timing of the choice, the rationale for the choice and any public well being restrictions in place on the time.

In November we revealed our choices following this session. We determined to implement our proposals in regards to the proof that might be used to evaluate college students’ efficiency if exams have been cancelled. We additionally revealed remaining steerage for academics on how they need to gather proof of pupil efficiency.

Stakeholder engagement

Through the yr we met with a variety of stakeholders as we delivered preparations for 2021 and ready for supply in 2022, together with contingency preparations. This included representatives of college and faculty leaders, academics, residence educators, exams officers, greater and additional training, employers, college students and oldsters, topic associations, equalities organisations. We interact with stakeholders to know their views and to hearken to the experiences of these taking, delivering and utilizing {qualifications}. We additionally use engagement to extend understanding of, and confidence in, the preparations for awarding {qualifications}.

Ofqual has additionally continued to offer clear data for centres, college students and their mother and father, in regards to the preparations for the {qualifications} we regulate. This included data for centres, a information for college students, letters to centres and college students, blogs and updates on our web site. It can be crucial that every one those that use {qualifications}, notably the scholars who take them, perceive the preparations in place and have entry to clear details about them.

Different coverage work

In addition to the wide selection of labor in response to the pandemic, we’ve got moved ahead on quite a lot of fronts in a means we weren’t capable of in the course of the earlier yr.

In some instances, this meant resuming work that had began earlier than the pandemic. Having initially consulted in February 2020, in November 2021 we revealed up to date and expanded steerage for awarding organisations on how they need to adjust to our guidelines on malpractice and maladministration, to bolster our necessities that credible allegations are investigated with the required rigour and, the place applicable, motion is taken in opposition to those that are accountable.

Ofqual additionally continued to advise the DfE of their improvement of topic content material for a brand new GCSE in British Signal Language and began preparatory work with the DfE for the event of a brand new GCSE in pure historical past.

Different areas of coverage improvement have been new. In November 2021 we consulted on draft steerage for awarding organisations on producing accessible assessments, together with exams. Our new steerage was revealed in Could 2022. We additionally consulted on proposed adjustments to the evaluation preparations for GCSE French, German and Spanish to replicate the DfE’s new topic content material. Outcomes from our coverage session on the evaluation preparations have been revealed in January 2022, and the next technical session on our rules closed in April.

As was the case in 2020, nonetheless, we placed on maintain work that might have created vital extra burden for us or the examination boards in order that we might deal with responding to the very vital adjustments because of the pandemic.

Regulating vocational and technical {qualifications} in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic

Vocational and technical {qualifications} (VTQs) are developed for a variety of functions and qualify individuals to work in all sectors of the financial system, from development to well being, and from the humanities and media to our public companies. Provided by 205 recognised awarding organisations, VTQs permit college students of all ages to progress, be that onto additional examine or inside their careers. Some allow people to enter the workforce, others permit them to exhibit higher-level skilled experience. Many of those {qualifications} present an important licence to practise for these working in professions similar to accountancy, engineering, or horticulture. They’re the evidence-based indicators from which employers can confidently confirm the talents and capabilities of a person.

Regulating VTQs within the context of the pandemic has continued to be a considerable exercise this yr. Via 2020 and 2021 it was extra vital than ever that college students have been capable of be awarded {qualifications} outcomes during which there was confidence, in order that they have been capable of progress to the following stage of their lives.

Ofqual labored at tempo with the DfE to launch a joint session on different awarding preparations. Then, following a additional session, Ofqual put in place the Vocational Contingency Regulatory Framework (the VCRF).

The VCRF utilized to all regulated {qualifications} from entry stage to stage 6, aside from GCSE, AS, and A stage {qualifications}, Superior Extension Award, Undertaking {qualifications} and apprenticeship end-point assessments. It permitted awarding organisations to adapt {qualifications} and assessments, or to concern outcomes utilizing different preparations, for instance, based mostly on TAGs. The VCRF was designed to accommodate the variety of VTQs and gave awarding organisations the flexibleness to efficiently award tons of of 1000’s of VTQ certificates throughout 2021.

Options of the VCRF

Options of the VCRF embrace:

  • {qualifications} divided into 2 broad classes with completely different approaches for every class
  • class A {qualifications} included those who signalled occupational or skilled competency, proficiency or have been a licence to practise the place outcomes have been awarded solely based mostly on evaluation that had taken place as regular or with agreed diversifications
  • class B {qualifications} included those who have been vital for development into additional or greater training or into employment, the place well timed provision of outcomes was the precedence
  • outcomes for class B {qualifications} may very well be awarded the place not all assessments had taken place, together with utilizing TAGs
  • for {qualifications} most just like GCSE, AS and A ranges, the strategy to awarding needs to be most just like that proposed for these {qualifications} which means exams wouldn’t happen and outcomes based mostly on TAGs have been issued
  • for {qualifications} which aren’t just like GCSE, AS and A ranges, similar to Purposeful Expertise {Qualifications} (FSQs), learners ought to sit assessments the place secure to take action, both remotely or in particular person earlier than receiving an award utilizing different proof, together with TAGs

Additional data on the VCRF will be present in our steerage for centres: awarding of vocational, technical and different basic {qualifications} in summer time 2021

Implementing the VCRF

All through the spring and summer time, common conferences have been held with awarding organisations. Working collectively on this means, establishing a co-regulation strategy, enabled Ofqual to assemble insights from awarding organisations and centres, deal with them swiftly, in addition to decreasing burden on all within the system at a time when there have been vital challenges.

Engagement with stakeholders – notably, centres, employer teams and supplier consultant our bodies – was essential in ensuring there was confidence within the regulatory preparations and the VTQs awarded. Stakeholder briefings and webinars have been supplemented by the institution of a centre reference group and a cross-sector communication group that met weekly by the summer time. This engagement offered perception and intelligence from these with on-the-ground expertise and was invaluable in serving to construct confidence within the preparations and mitigate any points that have been raised. The logistical challenges that academics and leaders have been dealing with in faculties and centres throughout the nation was evident.

The arduous work and help of those that signify schools, coaching suppliers and different forms of centres, on behalf of their members, was integral to the profitable implementation of the VCRF. All of this meant that the awarding of VTQs in 2020 to 2021 went properly, with the overwhelming majority of scholars reaching their {qualifications} to permit them to progress. College students taking stage 3 VTQs, which have been predominantly these utilized in efficiency tables, acquired their outcomes as anticipated, by 10 August and a couple of days later college students taking stage 2 VTQs acquired theirs. These dates aligned with these for GCSEs, AS and A ranges.

Monitoring the VCRF

The GCSE, AS and A stage summer time report 2021 outlines how Ofqual monitored examination board processes that allowed college students to be awarded teacher-assessed grades. Supply and award of vocational and technical {qualifications} in 2021 particulars how college students and learners have been awarded {qualifications} by assessments or different preparations together with teacher-assessed grades.

Ongoing monitoring of awarding organisations

Annually awarding organisations present Ofqual with an annual self-assessment of their compliance with our guidelines. In 2020 this course of was postponed permitting awarding organisations to deal with the awarding of VTQs within the first yr of the pandemic. In 2021 the method recognised the continuing impacts of the pandemic. By the top of January 2022, 158 statements of compliance have been acquired as anticipated. The remaining one awarding organisation withdrew its recognition shortly after the submission window. We requested awarding organisations for extra detailed data throughout 3 key areas of curiosity – organisational stability, IT danger administration and apprenticeship end-point assessments (the place relevant). The self-assessments have been reviewed and observe up actions have been carried out to hunt additional assurance. 13 awarding organisations have been requested for additional details about their declarations of compliance with our guidelines, 11 awarding organisations have been requested to offer extra element about their organisational stability, 76 awarding organisations have been questioned additional about their processes linked with IT danger administration, and 14 awarding organisations have been requested to offer extra data on their response to apprenticeship end-point evaluation questions. Findings from these areas will probably be used to tell future operational supply and messaging to awarding organisations.

Analysis of 2021 outcomes

As many leads to 2021 weren’t based mostly on a proper evaluation, it was vital to guage the leads to the identical means as for 2020 outcomes. Evaluation targeted on whether or not any specific teams of learners, together with these with protected traits, have been unfairly advantaged or deprived by the strategy taken in summer time 2021. This evaluation targeted on Utilized Basic and different efficiency desk {qualifications}, different basic {qualifications} and Purposeful Expertise {qualifications} awarded in 2018, 2019 and 2020. Information was collected and analysed from 35 awarding organisations and 1,067 particular person {qualifications}.

Throughout outcomes week, outcomes evaluation and equalities evaluation of VTQs was revealed, and confirmed that grade distributions didn’t considerably change in summer time 2021, when in comparison with earlier years. The equalities evaluation confirmed that there was no noticeable change within the chance of reaching a high grade in 2021 in comparison with the earlier years between completely different teams of learners. This was vital affirmation that no specific teams of scholars have been deprived or advantaged by the preparations put in place this yr.

Ofqual additionally carried out post-results analysis conferences with awarding organisations to assessment how they delivered their assessments and leads to 2021, responded to points, and if there have been any classes learnt to hold into 2022.

VTQ Preparations, 2021 to 2022

Centres and college students understandably wished to know as quickly as was feasibly doable what preparations can be in place for VTQs in 2021 to 2022. To expedite this, a joint DfE and Ofqual session on the proposed strategy was undertaken in July 2021. We thought-about over 250 responses to the session, from all kinds of stakeholders. The choices have been revealed forward of the publication of leads to summer time 2021, prepared for the beginning of the brand new tutorial yr. This offered the readability that centres and college students wanted for VTQs. The session confirmed that, according to authorities’s expectations, all {qualifications} can be awarded based mostly on proof from exams and different assessments. Outcomes for exams and different assessments taken after 1 September 2021 wouldn’t be based mostly on TAGs.

Many assessments and exams proceed to be tailored. Our framework guides awarding organisations as as to if their diversifications stay applicable within the context of the 2021 to 2022 tutorial yr. It’s anticipated that every one content material needs to be taught, so far as is possible, in order that college students are as well-prepared as doable for development to the following stage of their training, coaching, or employment. Whereas awarding organisations can have completely different approaches, due to the number of evaluation strategies, buildings, and functions of their VTQs, as final yr, we count on awarding organisations that supply comparable {qualifications} will proceed to work with one another to make sure consistency is maintained the place doable and applicable.

All year long shut working with the awarding organisations in our co-regulation strategy has been important in ensuring that they proceed to offer schools, coaching suppliers and faculties with clear data as quickly as doable to permit them to implement any diversifications persistently.

Whereas not essential to date, any choice that exams and different assessments should not viable – nationally, regionally, or regionally – will probably be taken by the federal government. As with GCSEs, AS and A ranges, if exams and different assessments are, at any stage, not thought-about viable, we imagine that awarding {qualifications} based mostly on different proof, together with TAGs, would be the finest different. The VCRF consists of provisions to allow awarding organisations to award outcomes utilizing different proof together with TAGs if that’s wanted in response to a authorities choice. In September an announcement on contingency preparations, in help of the DfE’s revealed steerage, confirmed this strategy.

A joint Ofqual and DfE assessment of awarding organisations’ proposals for adapting efficiency desk {qualifications} introduced effectivity of choice making and lowered burden on awarding organisations, whereas permitting each organisations to function independently and according to their remit. The outcomes of this assessment have been shared with awarding organisations earlier than the beginning of the tutorial yr permitting them to launch data to their centres in September when it was most wanted by academics. Having these established preparations additional helps safe confidence within the preparations for 2022 and permits for early sight of any potential points impacting assessments.

Engagement with a variety of stakeholders continues to play a component this yr. This consists of engagement with employers throughout a variety of sectors, together with hair and sweetness, development, and land-based engineering. This engagement has offered helpful perception, particularly round diversifications to {qualifications} of their sector, and employers report elevated confidence in {qualifications}. The established cross-sector communications and centre reference teams have continued to fulfill and supply with perception immediately from faculties, schools, and different coaching suppliers and from these our bodies that signify them. These teams proceed to be invaluable for understanding the problems confronted and guaranteeing our preparations for assessments stay match for goal.

Supply and awarding, 2021 to 2022

Variations have enabled tons of of 1000’s of assessments to be taken all through this yr to date, bringing some stability for academics and college students. Though exams and assessments are going down, the pandemic continues to have impacts. Monitoring the supply of VTQs subsequently continues to be essential to make sure that the preparations for exams and evaluation are match for goal and that awarding organisations stay on observe to ship.

All through December 2021, alert to the growing public well being state of affairs because of variants of COVID-19 rising at the moment, focus was on the potential influence and disruption on assessments because of happen from January to March 2022. Total, the sequence was profitable. Awarding organisations delivered 1,345 exams with 591 thousand entries as deliberate, all assessments went forward, and most college students have been capable of sit their exams as deliberate. We recognise the arduous work of faculties and schools to ship these assessments.

In preparation for the following substantive sequence of exams and assessments, monitoring is underway of awarding organisations’ readiness to ship high-stakes assessments together with efficiency desk {qualifications} and T Ranges, which will probably be awarded for the primary time in summer time 2022. Thus far Ofqual is assured that they’re ready for supply of VTQs this summer time.

Supporting high quality in regulated {qualifications} and assessments

Thought of regulation and reform, which pays specific consideration to the needs of {qualifications} and who they’re for, performs an important position in supporting the standard of {qualifications} as they’re first developed and all through their lifecycle. Ofqual regulation makes positive that {qualifications} and assessments, no matter stage of training or coaching they apply to, proceed to be match for goal and allow clear, safe selections upon their achievement.

Ofqual shares the federal government’s ambition to create a world-class post-16 training system, with each technical and tutorial routes. Session on proposed regulatory preparations that we imagine can have advantages for college students of all ages and apprentices has been a dominant characteristic of Ofqual’s work this yr. The intent is to carry larger readability to the post-16 panorama, securing a simpler market with a transparent and navigable system.

Nationwide assessments

Ofqual regulates statutory early years basis stage profile assessments and statutory nationwide curriculum assessments, which collectively we consult with as nationwide assessments. Ofqual meets its statutory goals to advertise requirements and public confidence in nationwide assessments by taking a risk-based strategy. Nationwide assessments are designed and delivered by the Requirements and Testing Company (STA), which is an government company of the DfE.

As in 2020, statutory main assessments at key levels 1 and a couple of didn’t go forward in 2021 because of the pandemic. They weren’t changed by every other type of statutory assessments. Ofqual’s regulatory exercise was scaled again in March 2020 as STA exercise diminished, although we maintained ongoing oversight of key STA exercise, together with in relation to assessments but to be launched and preparations for the next tutorial yr. This stage of focus was maintained till the beginning of this calendar yr, when full regulatory exercise was resumed.

Whereas nationwide assessments will return in 2022, the DfE has introduced that school-level knowledge from the important thing stage 2 exams won’t be revealed in efficiency tables. Outcomes will, nonetheless, be shared securely with main faculties, academy trusts, native authorities and Ofsted for varsity enchancment functions.

Priorities in nationwide assessments

Within the final yr, as much as 31 March 2022, our priorities have been as follows.

Monitoring preparation for the supply of nationwide assessments

STA contracted with a brand new check operations provider for the 2020 evaluation cycle. As nationwide assessments have been cancelled in 2020 and 2021, 2022 is the primary yr the brand new provider will probably be chargeable for delivering them. Additionally it is the primary yr that marker coaching will probably be carried out on-line.

Whereas Ofqual is just not chargeable for high quality assuring check supply, as this rests with the Secretary of State for Schooling, we confirmed in letters to the chair of the Schooling Choose Committee and Secretary of State in 2018 that the scope of our regulatory exercise would come with the monitoring of dangers to validity that would come up from the change of provider. As such, we’ve got targeted on quite a few points of the preparations for supply in summer time 2022, together with how the standard of marking will probably be secured by the brand new provider, and to this finish we’ve got noticed quite a few on-line marker coaching conferences.

Ofqual has additionally monitored the STA’s strategy for potential dangers to validity by reviewing related documentation offered by the STA or the contractor, in addition to by common conferences with senior STA employees, and the commentary of inside STA conferences and conferences between the STA and the supply contractor.

Monitoring introduction of recent assessments

Ofqual has monitored the introduction of reception baseline evaluation, which is run to reception pupils within the first 6 weeks of the tutorial yr and have become statutory this tutorial yr. The evaluation offers a snapshot of the place pupils are once they arrive in school and is meant to offer a place to begin to measure the progress faculties make with their pupils between reception and the top of main college.

Ofqual can also be monitoring the introduction of the multiplication tables test, an on-screen evaluation designed to find out whether or not pupils are capable of recall fluently their multiplication tables as much as 12, by a set of timed questions. Whereas non-compulsory in 2021, it can change into a statutory evaluation this yr for all yr 4 pupils registered at state-funded maintained faculties, particular faculties or academies in England this tutorial yr.

Strategy to requirements upkeep

Ofqual has additionally engaged with the STA relating to their strategy to the upkeep of requirements in nationwide assessments this yr. They’ve got down to us the steps they’re taking and have taken to make sure the robustness of the requirements upkeep course of given the challenges posed by the pandemic. There will probably be no adjustment to the anticipated commonplace within the mild of pandemic-related disruption to pupils’ studying. The federal government’s intention is that this can allow an correct measurement of the impact of the pandemic on pupils’ studying.

Moderation of key stage 1 and key stage 2 English writing instructor evaluation

Standardisation of moderation work will happen once more in 2022. This course of is meant to offer assurance that native authority moderation groups have the required data to average key stage 1 and key stage 2 English writing assessments. STA will solely approve moderators who’ve efficiently accomplished a standardisation train. We monitored the moderator standardisation course of, and additional particulars will probably be included within the subsequent nationwide evaluation annual report.

Nationwide assessments regulation annual report

As a result of cancellation of nationwide assessments, we didn’t publish an annual report on our regulation of nationwide assessments in January 2021 or 2022. The following annual report will probably be revealed in January 2023.

Strengthened assessments for Technical Award {qualifications} at key stage 4

Efficiency desk {qualifications} are a part of DfE accountability measures for faculties and schools. In December 2021, the DfE revealed an interim record of Technical Award {qualifications} that will probably be eligible to seem in efficiency tables in 2024. Ofqual supported the DfE decision-making course of for the {qualifications} on this record by reviewing the {qualifications} from awarding organisations and offering suggestions to the DfE. Every qualification was thought-about in opposition to the related Basic Situations of Recognition (GCR) and Qualification Degree Situations (QLC) and suggestions was then offered to the DfE as to the extent and nature of any potential points on this respect. Ofqual assessment was one component of a variety of knowledge the DfE thought-about as a part of the method.

Digital Purposeful Expertise {qualifications}

To help the introduction of Digital Purposeful Expertise {qualifications} (FSQs) and guarantee they meet their meant functions, as set out by the federal government, Ofqual consulted on adjustments to its regulatory strategy.

Centered on enhancing grownup fundamental digital expertise, new Digital FSQs are being launched for first instructing in August 2023. These new {qualifications} substitute the prevailing Purposeful Expertise {qualifications} in data and communication know-how. They’re to be out there at entry stage and stage 1, and the topic content material has been set by the DfE.

In November 2021, Ofqual revealed the coverage session end result with particulars of the regulatory strategy to Digital FSQs, along with its technical session. Following evaluation of the responses, choices have been revealed on the finish of March 2022, establishing the brand new regulatory strategy for Digital FSQs. The framework balanced authorities expectation that employers and college students ought to believe that the extent of Digital FSQ achieved is comparable, regardless of the awarding organisation they select or the yr during which the assessments are taken, whereas permitting awarding organisations to take revolutionary approaches to assessments.

Awarding organisations will now want to use and acquire approval for Ofqual recognition to ship the reformed Digital FSQs. It will permit ample time for them to develop the {qualifications} and make them out there to centres for first instructing in 2023. Ofqual will probably be conducting technical analysis of the proposed {qualifications} forward of supply, with this commencing in autumn 2022.

Regulation of apprenticeships

In 2020, IfATE selected to discharge its apprenticeships analysis obligation for all requirements, besides these which can be built-in levels, to Ofqual, who now safe it by regulation. This adopted the publication of its session response on a simplified Exterior High quality Assurance (EQA) system. The choice brings the advantages of regulation to apprentices. The tutorial yr 2021 to 2022 has seen the transition to those preparations progress alongside the supply of regulated end-point assessments (EPAs).

Recognition

By the top of March 2022 over 90% of apprentices in section 1 now profit from the safety of Ofqual regulation. For 178 requirements, employers can now select an organisation for which Ofqual has the occupational and evaluation experience wanted to ship EPAs. On the finish of March 2022, EQA transition knowledge was revealed, detailing the progress made so far.

Part 2 of this programme focuses on transitioning to Ofqual these requirements from all different EQA suppliers. Of the 31 organisations lively on these requirements, one has already achieved Ofqual recognition, 11 are being assessed and others are in progress.

EPA supply

Along with the standard assurance of organisations that occurs by their recognition, a variety of monitoring exercise has been accomplished, according to the EQA supply plan agreed with IfATE to help high quality in apprenticeship EPAs. A spread of regulatory actions have been used all year long, contemplating EPAs earlier than and through supply. Direct engagement with organisations, together with by inductions and a sequence of boards, has been on the coronary heart of this holistic strategy to ongoing regulation. That is to verify that there’s a constant high quality strategy to evaluation throughout an apprenticeship commonplace, no matter which end-point evaluation organisation is delivering the evaluation and the place and when that is carried out. Actions on this interval embrace:

  • technical analysis of assessments supplies for 42 EPAs, throughout 27 completely different requirements
  • evaluations of the exercise of over 40 organisations, delivering EPAs on almost 60 requirements
  • value determinations of 44 draft evaluation plans and determination of 167 queries on queries on reside evaluation plans
  • consideration and monitoring of notifications from 6 organisations, who made Ofqual conscious of incident they felt had, or might have, an ‘adversarial impact’ on apprentices

T Ranges

T Ranges are high-quality programmes of training combining classroom studying with business expertise. They’re developed in collaboration with employers and companies in order that the content material meets the wants of business and prepares college students for work or additional examine. Ofqual’s position in T Ranges is particularly across the regulation of the brand new Technical {Qualifications} (TQs) inside the T Degree programme.

Summer season 2021 noticed the primary award of the core assessments for the three wave 1 TQs in training and childcare, design, surveying and planning for development, and digital manufacturing, design and improvement, for college students within the first yr of their 2-year T Degree programme. Throughout these pathways, the two awarding organisations, Pearson and NCFE, issued 1,148 outcomes. These outcomes have been based mostly on TAGs, guaranteeing that college students taking these new {qualifications} weren’t deprived in comparison with their friends taking A ranges or different stage 3 {qualifications} used for development.

Opinions have taken place with Pearson, NCFE, and Metropolis & Guilds on their readiness to ship TQs this yr. These have associated to the three TQs in wave 1 and the additional 7 in wave 2. Preparations for the primary award of the total T Ranges in summer time 2022 are on observe, and, as with different VTQs this yr, outcomes will probably be based mostly on assessments and examinations.

Joint working continues with IfATE on T Ranges which can be within the strategy of being rolled out. This yr new TQs from wave 3 have been accredited in topics starting from accounting to engineering. This has enabled awarding organisations to make these {qualifications} out there to the centres in good time, prepared for first instructing in September 2022. Ofqual has additionally recognised the awarding organisations that IfATE contracted for the supply of T Ranges in wave 4 and are within the strategy of reviewing, with topic consultants, the supplies submitted for these {qualifications}. Full and efficient use of our experience and powers, alongside these of IfATE, signifies that TQs can be found as anticipated and are of the high-quality that college students and employers ought to count on of those flagship programmes.

Reform of {qualifications} at stage 3 and under

Working intently with IfATE and the DfE, Ofqual consulted on its proposed strategy to regulating these {qualifications} at stage 3 that may sit alongside A ranges and T Ranges as a part of the high-quality alternative for college students. The session proposals think about these {qualifications} as 2 teams:

  • different tutorial {qualifications}, that are meant to offer proof of a pupil’s attainment in relation to their course of examine and permit for development to additional examine
  • different technical {qualifications}, that are meant to substantiate {that a} pupil has the data, expertise and behaviours linked to competence in a given occupation

The session set out excessive stage proposals for the regulation of {qualifications} in each of those teams. The proposals are meant to place in place preparations that might guarantee {qualifications} designed to fulfill these necessities are top quality, with specific consideration given to threats to evaluation validity for the {qualifications} in query, in addition to the roles of IfATE and Ofqual. The session closed on 20 April 2022. Selections, alongside a second technical session on the situations and necessities wanted to implement the adjustments, will probably be confirmed in the summertime.

In relation to the proposed reforms of post-16 {qualifications} at stage 2 and under, Ofqual has labored intently with the DfE and IfATE as a part of the preliminary coverage improvement. We’re within the strategy of growing our proposed regulatory strategy and can seek the advice of on this sooner or later.

Increased technical {qualifications}

In early 2021, Ofqual regulation prolonged to the upper technical {qualifications} (HTQs) which can be being launched to enhance the standard of upper technical training. These are on the core of reform aimed toward encouraging extra individuals to take greater technical training programs and strengthening the talent base of the workforce.

HTQs are both new or current stage 4 and 5 {qualifications} (similar to Increased Nationwide Diplomas, Basis Levels and Diplomas of Increased Schooling) which were developed by awarding our bodies and accepted by IfATE as assembly occupational requirements for the related sector.

The primary instructing of those accepted HTQs will start in September 2022, beginning with these within the digital route. Ofqual performs its half in guaranteeing the standard of those {qualifications}. All awarding organisations that wish to supply the newly branded HTQs have to be recognised by Ofqual. HTQs will also be provided by greater training establishments, who have to be recognised by the Workplace for College students. Awarding organisations have submitted qualification and evaluation supplies for approval as a part of this course of, which Ofqual has reviewed after which offered suggestions to IfATE relating to the standard of those assessments.

The primary approval cycles noticed 23 submissions. The assessment of HTQs has required shut working with IfATE, together with the gathering and sharing of information and suggestions. This has helped in decreasing duplication and burden for awarding organisations in the course of the approval course of.

Recognition

Recognition of awarding organisations is an integral piece of Ofqual’s regulatory strategy. The popularity course of ensures that solely organisations with the capability and functionality to design, develop, ship, and award {qualifications} and assessments can supply regulated {qualifications}. This yr we’ve got recognised 45 new organisations and acquired 111 first-time functions.

The expansion within the awarding organisation market this yr has been distinctive, pushed primarily by end-point evaluation organisations making use of for Ofqual recognition. Recognition requires awarding organisations to fulfill a high-quality bar and signifies that college students, apprentices and employers will be assured that, when taking a regulated qualification or end-point evaluation, the organisation has demonstrated it has the evaluation and sector experience wanted to ship high quality assessments, and that they will profit from the safety of Ofqual regulation.

The awarding organisations which were recognised this yr vary from skilled our bodies, to employers, to these organisations which can be solely targeted on evaluation. They embrace area of interest organisations just like the Institute of Solid Steel Engineers, recognised for a single apprenticeship commonplace, the Steel Casting, Foundry and Patternmaking Technician, by to those who are broader in scope providing well-liked requirements similar to Enterprise Administrator and Affiliate Undertaking Supervisor.

Help, relationship administration and steerage as organisations put together their functions has been a substantive programme of labor this yr. Written and direct suggestions have been provided to these whose functions haven’t met the usual required. This course of has enabled candidates’ representees to fulfill with those who reviewed their software to debate the explanations and search additional clarification, forward of subsequent functions. Alternatives to attend boards, roundtables, and webinars on Ofqual recognition necessities have additionally been offered. This help has enabled candidates, from throughout the breadth of financial sectors, to know the popularity course of and admire that Ofqual’s expectations of the standard are the identical for each organisation, and for the good thing about each pupil and apprentice.

Managing our individuals, assets and methods

Ofqual achieves its targets by our individuals working successfully collectively and with others throughout the training and coaching system. Our precedence has been, and continues to be, guaranteeing that our individuals are secure, working according to applicable authorities COVID-19 coverage and recommendation, and that they’ve entry to the know-how and assets to fulfil their position, wherever they could be working. We have now continued to be sure that our individuals have the proper expertise, experience, instruments and data to realize our company plan goals, enabling us to realize good worth for public cash and making one of the best use of our assets.

Civil Service Individuals Survey

Ofqual takes half within the annual Civil Service Individuals Survey. The survey appears to be like at civil servants’ attitudes to and expertise of working in authorities departments. In 2021, our individuals engagement index elevated by 3 proportion factors from 66% to 69%, which is 3% greater than for the Civil Service as an entire. Our response price was 79%, in comparison with the general Civil Service response price of 62%. The outcomes confirmed enhancements throughout a variety of themes, and we’re participating with employees to develop our strategy to areas for enchancment. These will probably be underpinned by our refreshed individuals technique, which we launched in April 2022.

Civil Service Individuals Survey Engagement Index

Proportion engagement amongst Ofqual employees from 2016 to 2021 as measured by the Civil Service Individuals Survey

Our know-how

In keeping with our digital, knowledge and know-how technique, we proceed to develop, iterate and enhance the know-how options that allow Ofqual’s regulatory processes and that help our employees to work successfully, notably in a hybrid means. We have now additional prolonged our Portal in order that extra regulatory work is carried out in a single place, and largely eliminated technical debt to make one of the best use of our Azure cloud platform. Our sturdy know-how supply means the organisation is ready to function with out hindrance and deal with the issues that matter, particularly regulating on behalf of scholars and apprentices. Ofqual continues to develop its digital companies to align with Web site Content material Accessibility Pointers, as outlined in our accessibility assertion.

Our property

Ofqual operates throughout England from a central base in Coventry. We occupy one devoted ground in Earlsdon Park with services shared with different authorities departments on one different ground. All through 2021 and 2022, we’ve got adopted the recommendation and steerage of the federal government relating to the pandemic to maintain our individuals secure.

In widespread with many different organisations, we’ve got thought-about our future methods of working, studying classes from our expertise over the previous 2 years and utilizing the chance to consider how we take advantage of our workplace area to help collaboration and teamwork. The enlargement of our reform work in VTQs and apprenticeships EPA has led to progress in our employees numbers. We have now been capable of take in the extra headcount by utilizing our workplace extra flexibly rather than increasing our ground area.

Public enquiries

The continued disruption to the training of scholars brought on by the pandemic in 2021 had an influence on our public-facing companies. Through the yr, we acquired roughly 4,500 telephone calls and three,600 emails. Responses have been managed by the employment of extra non permanent useful resource. First-line name dealing with is now contracted to an knowledgeable supplier to offer larger scalable capability to fulfill demand with out impacting on our core work.

Ofqual continued to answer written enquiries inside 3 days and answered over 97% of the calls we acquired. The extra capability for our public enquiries service has meant that we’ve got been capable of proceed to fulfill the general public’s want with a deal with guaranteeing data is obtainable to signpost people appropriately to the proper place with their question.

Whistleblowing disclosures

Ofqual is designated as a prescribed particular person for whistleblowing and employees can contact Ofqual about issues in relation to which we train capabilities beneath the Apprenticeships, Expertise, Youngsters and Studying Act 2009 (the Act). The Prescribed Individuals (Stories on Disclosures of Info) Laws 2017 (the Laws) require prescribed individuals to report yearly on whistleblowing disclosures made to them by employees.

Ofqual acquired 76 whistleblowing disclosures in the course of the reporting interval which we thought-about have been ‘qualifying disclosures’ and which involved issues in relation to which we train capabilities beneath the Act. Of those disclosures 31 have been associated to centres or coaching suppliers. Six of those disclosures have been referred to the related awarding organisation for additional motion. The remaining 45 disclosures have been associated to awarding organisations. We liaised with the related awarding organisations to make sure the issues have been investigated. Of the 76 disclosures: 14 resulted in additional motion being taken, 46 discovered no proof to substantiate the claims, and 16 are nonetheless ongoing.

Ofqual has an goal to take care of requirements and confidence in regulated {qualifications}. The disclosures acquired have offered us with data and intelligence to make sure that requirements in regulated {qualifications} are maintained and allowed us to discharge our statutory obligations.

Ofqual didn’t obtain discover of any whistleblowing disclosures in the course of the previous yr which associated to Ofqual.

Complaints

Complaints about Ofqual

Ofqual acquired 51 complaints within the reporting interval. We upheld 5 complaints in the course of the reporting interval. Apologies have been issued and steps have been taken to keep away from a repeat of the problem.

Within the distinctive circumstances of the pandemic inside this reporting interval, 98% of those complaints associated to the outcomes and post-result outcomes achieved by candidates, with the remaining complaints being about exterior coverage.

Complaints to the Parliamentary Ombudsman

Ofqual acquired enquiries from the Parliamentary Ombudsman about 4 complaints referring to Ofqual. Of those, none have been taken ahead for investigation.

Complaints about awarding organisations

Ofqual goals to acknowledge complaints inside 3 working days and to offer a remaining response inside 40 working days in 80% of instances.

Through the reporting interval, we acknowledged 100% of complaints inside 3 working days and offered a remaining response inside 40 days in 89% of instances. The typical variety of days to shut a criticism was 9 days.

Total, we dealt with 420 new complaints, of which 343 have been about awarding organisations. The place there are indications of non-compliance, we classify our end result as both upheld or partly upheld. We upheld or partly upheld 10 complaints about awarding organisations in the course of the yr. These awarding organisations have been referred to our related requirements groups for additional consideration of potential non-compliance.

The place a complainant is sad with the end result of their criticism, they will request an inside assessment. We carried out inside evaluations in 16 instances, which associated to the best way we investigated the unique criticism. Of those one was upheld.

Equalities

As a public physique, Ofqual is required beneath the Equality Act 2010 (the Equality Act) to fulfill the Public Sector Equality Responsibility each as an employer and a regulator. This requires us to offer due regard to the necessity to eradicate discrimination, advance equality of alternative and foster good relations between individuals who share a related protected attribute and individuals who don’t share it.

Ofqual publishes an annual equalities report in the summertime every year that summarises progress in opposition to Ofqual’s equality goals. The report will be discovered on the Ofqual web site.

Monetary assessment

Funding for 2021 to 2022 was agreed by SR20, which recognised the numerous influence of the pandemic on examinations and assessments for the second successive yr. The settlement included funding to allow Ofqual to strengthen its core capability in preparation for the calls for of 2021. Ofqual’s funds for the monetary yr 2021 to 2022 was £25.531 million, together with £5.490 million to ship key milestones within the programmes for apprenticeship EPA regulation, strengthening non-GCSE efficiency desk {qualifications} at key stage 4, T Ranges, Digital Purposeful Expertise, and the assessment of {qualifications} at stage 3 and under. This was 8% greater than in 2020 to 2021 because of the expanded reform programme and funding to strengthen core capability. The funds additionally included capital funding of £0.4 million for the event of our digital infrastructure.

Web working expenditure, together with capital funding, for the yr was £25.169 million (£22.711 million in 2020 to 2021), giving an outturn that was £0.362 million, 1.4%, beneath funds. The underspend outcomes from wage financial savings the place employees vacancies have arisen, mixed with persevering with decrease journey and workplace services prices because of the pandemic. The influence of the pandemic on Ofqual’s key priorities in 2021 to 2022 is detailed within the efficiency evaluation part of this report.

Earnings from one wonderful was acquired in 2021 to 2022 of £50k (£0k in 2020 to 2021). Fines should not retained by Ofqual, and so the revenue was returned to the Consolidated Fund.

Workers prices for the yr are barely greater than in 2020 to 2021 because of constructing capability for VTQ reforms and apprenticeship EPA, and as a proportion stay at 73% of complete expenditure (73% in 2020 to 2021). Contract and company employees accounted for slightly below 5% of staffing prices in the course of the yr, a rise of two% from 2020 to 2021 to handle capability whereas everlasting employees have been recruited.

Ofqual has remained inside the spending limits, known as management totals, authorised by the Parliamentary vote. The management totals relate to particular parts of the useful resource funds together with revenue, and to capital and yearly managed expenditure, as detailed within the Assertion of Outturn in opposition to Parliamentary Provide.

Departmental knowledge reporting tables

Operationally, Ofqual is required to ship its goals inside 3 monetary targets as agreed with HM Treasury. These are set out in Desk 1, which illustrates monetary efficiency for the interval 2017 to 2018 by to 2021 to 2022 in comparison with; Useful resource Departmental Expenditure Restrict (RDEL), Capital DEL (CDEL) and Yearly Managed Expenditure (AME).

The desk reveals that 98.4% of Ofqual’s expenditure is incurred by its RDEL (96.6% in 2021 to 2022).

Desk 1: Annual expenditure development

Class 2017 to 2018 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2018 to 2019 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2019 to 2020 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2022 to 2023 Deliberate in 1000’s of £
Consumption of assets: Regulation of {qualifications} 17,860 18,367 19,241 21,939 24,772 28,182
Complete RDEL 17,860 18,367 19,241 21,939 24,772 28,182
Useful resource AME: Regulation of {qualifications} 177 -167 19 0
Complete useful resource 18,037 18,200 19,260 21,939 24,772 28,182
Complete CDEL 266 100 169 772 397 707
Complete public spending 18,303 18,300 19,429 22,711 25,169 28,889

Parliament offers the authorized authority to incur expenditure by the Estimates and Provide process. Parliament grants statutory authority each to eat assets and to attract money from the Consolidated Fund to pay for assets consumed by an annual Appropriation Act and the Consolidated Fund Act.

Ofqual’s annual expenditure is assessed as both programme or administration for the needs of Central Authorities Accounting, as outlined in accounting word 1.2.5. Desk 2 demonstrates that 62% of expenditure was incurred by the Administration classification in 2021 to 2022 (67% in 2020 to 2021).

Desk 2: Programme and administration useful resource expenditure

Class 2017 to 2018 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2018 to 2019 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2019 to 2020 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2022 to 2023 Deliberate in 1000’s of £
Programme: Pay expenditure 1,028 1,318 1,993 4,076 5,855 7,542
Programme: Different expenditure 2,331 1,792 2,356 3,072 3,712 5,240
Programme: Complete expenditure 3,359 3,110 4,349 7,148 9,567 12,782
Programme: Earnings
Complete internet programme expenditure 3,359 3,110 4,349 7,148 9,567 12,782
Administration: Pay expenditure 11,042 10,800 11,925 12,057 12,221 12,813
Administration: Different expenditure 3,978 5,077 3,049 2,809 3,157 2,642
Administration: Complete expenditure 15,020 15,877 14,974 14,866 15,378 15,455
Administration: Earnings -342 -787 -63 -75 -173 -55
Complete internet administration expenditure 14,678 15,090 14,911 14,791 15,205 15,400
Complete useful resource expenditure 18,037 18,200 19,260 21,939 24,772 28,182

Programme pay and different expenditure elevated in 2021 to 2022 because of work to ship reform of vocational and technical {qualifications} and can enhance additional in 2022 to 2023 because the scope of Ofqual’s reform work continues to broaden. The deferral of the Nationwide Reference Check from the final quarter of 2020 to 2021 to the primary quarter of 2021 to 2022 because of the pandemic transferred the associated prices into 2021 to 2022, contributing to the rise in programme spend.

Administration pay has elevated in 2021 to 2022 because of recruitment to vacant posts, which is able to proceed in 2022 to 2023. The rise in Nationwide Insurance coverage prices from April 2022 can also be mirrored within the greater deliberate price for 2022 to 2023.

Desk 3 reveals expenditure on main {qualifications} reforms delivered by Ofqual. The vocational and technical {qualifications} reform funds for 2021 to 2022 included supply of reforms to apprenticeships, T Ranges, Digital Purposeful Expertise, assessment of {qualifications} at stage 3 and under and strengthening efficiency desk {qualifications}. The reform programmes proceed to broaden within the medium-term, with Ofqual receiving funding by the 2021 Spending Evaluate (SR21) to undertake regulation of apprenticeships EPA, and reforms of T Ranges, Digital Purposeful Expertise and strengthening efficiency desk {qualifications}. At SR20, our base funds was uplifted by £0.8 million to recognise the everlasting influence of the reforms. The long-term monetary influence of our apprenticeship regulation work has been included into our base funds from 2022 to 2023. Additional data on every programme will be discovered earlier within the efficiency evaluation part of the efficiency report.

Desk 3: Expenditure on {qualifications} reform

Class 2017 to 2018 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2018 to 2019 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2019 to 2020 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2022 to 2023 Deliberate in 1000’s of £
Basic {qualifications} 404
Vocational and technical {qualifications} 711 1,266 1,889 4,149 5,535 8,820
Complete {qualifications} reform 1,115 1,266 1,889 4,149 5,535 8,820
Cost of suppliers

The federal government is dedicated to paying 90% of undisputed and legitimate invoices from small and medium-sized enterprises inside 5 days, and 100% of all undisputed and legitimate invoices to be paid inside 30 days. Through the yr Ofqual paid 100% of all invoices inside 5 days (100% in 2020 to 2021). In 2021 to 2022, no curiosity was payable beneath the Late Cost of Business Money owed (Curiosity) Act 1998 (nil in 2020 to 2021).

Sustainability

Ofqual considers sustainability in its work. Persevering with funding in video conferencing tools and cloud-native IT infrastructure allows Ofqual colleagues to work flexibly and enhance effectivity. Authorities restrictions on the usage of workplace area for a lot of 2021 to 2022 has saved enterprise journey low for a second successive yr. There has additionally been a discount on the usage of workplace utilities. Each journey and use of utilities are anticipated to extend all through 2022 to 2023.

Prices for utilities are included within the general lease fee and should not out there till after the reporting interval. We’ll proceed to work with the constructing administration firm to acquire well timed data to know our environmental influence, and alternative routes to measure sustainability proceed to be explored. Ofqual’s elevated headcount introduced it into scope of the Greening Authorities Commitments in 2022, and so we now present the required data by the DfE. We’ll proceed to develop our knowledge assortment and evaluation to help these necessities by 2022.

Desk 4: Power prices and consumption

Observe 1 Info for 2021 to 2022 has not but been made out there to Ofqual.
Observe 2 To October 2018 at Spring Place, and from October 2018 at Earlsdon Park.
Observe 3 Info has not been made out there to Ofqual.

Class 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019 (see word 2) 2019 to 2020 2020 to 2021
Complete carbon 199 123 (see word 3) (see word 3)
Electrical energy ((kWh) 250,549 277,028 414,270 301,681
Electrical energy (tCO2) 134 94 115 106
Fuel ((kWh) 351,022 158,462 Not relevant Not relevant
Fuel (tCO2) 65 29 Not relevant Not relevant
Water (m3) 1,033 1,244 885 645
Waste (tonnes) (see word 3) (see word 3) 29 12

Desk 5: Enterprise journey prices

Transport sort 2017 to 2018 £ 2018 to 2019 £ 2019 to 2020 £ 2020 to 2021 £ 2021 to 2022 £
Rail 118,314 146,015 119,679 1,294 18,882
Lodge 49,437 40,455 55,062 2,102 0
Air and ferry 5,022 5,843 2,953 200 0
Complete enterprise journey prices 172,773 192,314 177,694 3,596 18,882

Ofqual is working with the constructing administration workforce and co-tenants to think about alternatives for rising sustainability as we return to utilizing our workplace area, together with a deal with minimising waste and selling inexperienced power options.

The place applicable, we use procurement frameworks from public sector shopping for organisations such because the Crown Business Service. Because of this we use suppliers which have thought-about sustainability and different vital social issues as a part of their analysis and contract award.

Foundation of accounts

The accounts for the yr ended 31 March 2022 have been ready beneath a path issued by HM Treasury in accordance with the Authorities Sources and Accounts Act 2000. Ofqual was the only entity inside the departmental accounting boundary throughout 2021 to 2022 and isn’t chargeable for any our bodies exterior the departmental accounting boundary.

In widespread with different authorities departments, funding for Ofqual will probably be met by future Grants of Provide to be accepted yearly by Parliament. The 2015 Spending Evaluate (SR15) lowered Ofqual’s core administration funding over the 2016 to 2020 interval, which continued into 2020 to 2021 beneath SR19. SR20 delivered a settlement for 2021 to 2022 that recognised the vital position that Ofqual performs in delivering authorities goals, with extra baseline funds being offered to help elevated capability for our core enterprise and reformed {qualifications}. A funds has been set that achieves this goal and continued regulatory intent, and subsequently it’s thought-about applicable to undertake a going concern foundation for the preparation of those monetary statements.

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has had a considerable influence on Ofqual’s deliberate exercise within the final 2 years. Ofqual actively screens the sufficiency of provide to fulfill the wants of the rising company plan for the medium time period and maintains common constructive discussions with the DfE and HM Treasury. Subsequently the pandemic is just not thought-about to have an effect on the going concern foundation of those accounts. Ofqual’s going concern coverage is defined additional in word 1, part 1.2.1.

Pension liabilities

Ofqual’s workers are lined by the provisions of the Civil Service Pension Scheme. Info on pension entitlements is offered within the remuneration report part. Info on pension liabilities is offered within the monetary statements part of this report.

Occasions after the reporting interval

There have been no occasions after the reporting interval that require an adjustment to the monetary statements, nor any non-adjusting occasions to be reported. Whereas the pandemic has had a major influence on Ofqual’s regulatory work, it has not required any adjustment to Ofqual’s monetary statements.

Auditor

The Authorities Sources and Accounts Act 2000 appointed the Comptroller and Auditor Basic as Ofqual’s auditor. He has retained the £72,000 cost for the audit in 2021 to 2022. There have been no non-audit companies offered by the C&AG.

Future priorities

The funding agreed for Ofqual on the SR20 for 2021 to 2022 is meant to ship 4 key priorities in response to the pandemic set out earlier on this report. The influence of the pandemic on exams and assessments for each basic and vocational {qualifications} stays vital. Our company plan for 2022 to 2025 units out our priorities for the medium-term, as supported by the SR21 funding settlement.

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

Accountability report

The accountability report comprises the next 3 sections:

  • company governance report
  • remuneration and employees report
  • parliamentary accountability and audit report

The company governance report is split into 3 components: the administrators’ report, the assertion of Accounting Officer’s tasks, and the governance assertion. The report explains the composition and organisation of Ofqual’s governance buildings and the way they help the achievement of our goals. It consists of data relating to Ofqual’s administrators and their vital pursuits, confirms the Accounting Officer’s tasks and the way they’ve been assured, and descriptions Ofqual’s governance framework, together with the board’s committee construction, its attendance, and protection of its work. The report additionally assesses the dangers to Ofqual.

The remuneration and employees report units out Ofqual’s remuneration coverage for administrators, reviews on how that coverage has been applied and units out the quantities awarded to administrators and the hyperlink between efficiency and remuneration. It consists of data on the price and composition of employees and associated actions.

The parliamentary accountability and audit report brings collectively the important thing parliamentary accountability paperwork inside the Annual Report and Accounts. It contains the Assertion of Parliamentary Provide and supporting notes relating to the monetary outturn and data on prices, regularity of expenditure, parliamentary accountability disclosures, and the Certificates and Report of the Comptroller and Auditor Basic to the Home of Commons.

Company governance report

Administrators’ report

Ofqual’s government management workforce, the Senior Administration Group (SMG), included the next government administrators in 2021 to 2022:

  • Simon Lebus, Interim Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer to 17 September 2021
  • Dr Jo Saxton, Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer from 18 September 2021
  • Sean Pearce, Chief Working Officer
  • Dr Michelle Meadows, Deputy Chief Regulator and Govt Director Technique, Danger and Analysis to 10 September 2021
  • Cath Jadhav, Govt Director Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation (previously Technique, Danger and Analysis) from 12 August 2021 as Performing Govt Director Technique, Danger and Analysis (Analysis and Requirements) then from 1 January 2022 as Govt Director Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation
  • Julie Swan, Govt Director Basic {Qualifications}, and have become Deputy Chief Regulator from 1 November 2021
  • Catherine Giant, Govt Director Vocational and Technical {Qualifications}
  • Michael Hanton, Govt Director Technique from 28 March 2022
  • Daniel Gutteridge, Basic Counsel from 1 March 2022

The directorships and different vital pursuits of all who have been members of the chief workforce in 2021 to 2022 is proven in Desk 6.

The manager workforce at 31 March 2022 was as follows:

  • Dr Jo Saxton, Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
  • Cath Jadhav, Govt Director Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation
  • Julie Swan, Deputy Chief Regulator and Govt Director Basic {Qualifications}
  • Catherine Giant, Govt Director Vocational and Technical {Qualifications}
  • Michael Hanton, Govt Director Technique
  • Daniel Gutteridge, Basic Counsel

Desk 6: Govt workforce directorships and different vital pursuits

Identify Directorships and different vital pursuits in 2021 to 2022
Simon Lebus Chairman, Sparx Ltd
Chairman, Pamoja Schooling
Director, Frequent Advertising Ltd
Governor, Rugby College
Governor, Perse College
Member, Advisory Board of Open School rooms
Bye-Fellow, Emmanuel School Cambridge
Dr Jo Saxton None
Sean Pearce Member of the Chartered Institute for Public Finance and Accountancy (CIPFA)
Board member and non-executive director, GreenSquareAccord Housing Group (ended 31 July 2021)
Dr Michelle Meadows None
Cath Jadhav None
Julie Swan Fellow, College of Worcester
Governor, Christopher Whitehead Language School, Worcester
Catherine Giant Governor, Manland Major College
Michael Hanton Director of Institute of Regulation
Daniel Gutteridge Director of Higher Futures Multi Academy Belief (since January 2022)
Member of the Finance and Audit Committee, Higher Futures Multi Academy Belief
Board members
  • Ian Buckram CBE, Chair
  • Dr Jo Saxton, Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
  • Hywel Jones, Director of Secondary Colleges, Astrea Academy
  • Dame Christine Ryan, Former Chief Inspector and Chief Govt Officer or the Unbiased Colleges Inspectorate
  • Frances Wadsworth CBE, Deputy Additional Schooling Commissioner
  • Mike Thompson, Former Director of Early Careers at Barclays Financial institution
  • Susan Barratt, Former Audit Associate at Deloitte
  • Matt Tee, Govt Director, Integration at St Thomas’s NHS Basis Belief
  • Dr Catherine McClellan, Deputy CEO (Evaluation), Australian Council for Instructional Analysis

The appointment dates, directorships and different vital pursuits of all who have been members of the board in 2021 to 2022 is proven in Desk 7.

Desk 7: Board member appointments, directorships and different vital pursuits

Identify Date of appointment Time period of appointment, together with extensions and departures Directorships and different vital pursuits in 2021 to 2022
Susan Barratt 1 September 2019 3 years till 31 August 2022 Trustee, Nuffield Oxford Hospitals Fund
Trustee, Eastleigh Youth & Group Belief (and director of wholly owned subsidiary)
Trustee, Lime Stroll Methodist Church
Member of Administration Committee, Nice Milton Group Pub Ltd
Unbiased Member, Audit & Danger Assurance Committee, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Native Authorities (renamed as Division for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities in November 2021)
Unbiased Chair of the Group Audit & Danger Committee for the Lampton Group (LA buying and selling firm for London Borough of Hounslow) from January 2022
Ian Bauckham 1 March 2018 3 years till 28 February 2021 as unusual board member
Interim Chair from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2021
Appointed Chair for 3 years from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2024
CEO and Director, Tenax Colleges Belief
Trustee, Sabre Schooling
Chair, Undertaking Board Oak Nationwide Academy
Delroy Beverley 1 April 2018 3 years till 31 March 2021
9-month extension till 31 December 2021
Departed 31 December 2021
Managing Director, York Instructing Hospitals Services Administration LLP
Non-executive director and trustee, The British Library
Chair, Regional Board for Chartered Administration Institute
Chair, Regional Board, Institute of Administrators
Council Member, The College of Huddersfield (from 1 August 2020)
Lesley Davies 1 April 2018 3 years till 31 March 2021
9-month extension till 31 December 2021
Departed 31 December 2021
Managing Director, Seymour Place Associates
Interim Chair, Hull School Group
Chair, UK Expertise Partnership
Chair, Royal British Legion in Cheshire
Member, Schooling Advisory Group British Council
Trustee, CVQO
Board Member, Liverpool John Moores College
Hywel Jones 1 April 2017 3 years till 31 March 2020
2-year extension from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2022
Director, Secondary Colleges, Astrea Academy Belief
Founding Member of Mother and father and Academics for Excellence
Simon Lebus (Chief Regulator) 1 January 2021 Departed 17 September 2021 Chairman, Sparx Ltd
Chairman, Pamoja Schooling
Director, Frequent Advertising Ltd
Governor, Rugby College
Governor, Perse College
Member of Advisory Board of Open School rooms
Bye-Fellow, Emmanuel School Cambridge
Dr Catherine McClellan 1 June 2020 3 years till 31 Could 2023 Deputy CEO (Evaluation), Australian Council for Instructional Analysis
Member, Board of Administrators, ACER Indonesia
Member, Measurement Advisory Group, Australian Curriculum, Evaluation and Reporting Authority
Member, American Instructional Analysis Affiliation
Member, Nationwide Council on Measurement in Schooling
Society for Analysis on Instructional Effectiveness
Psychometric Society
Dame Christine Ryan 1 April 2017 3 years till 31 March 2020
3-year extension 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2023
Chair, Expertise ED (Charity)
Founding Associate, Ryan and Grunsell Ltd
Chair, Ofsted
Fellow, Royal Society of Biology
Member, Institute of Administrators
Dr Jo Saxton (Chief Regulator) 18 September 2021 5 years till 17 September 2026 None
Matt Tee 1 September 2019 3 years till 31 August 2022 Govt Director Integration, Man’s and St Thomas’ NHS Basis Belief
Fellow, Chartered Institute of Public Relations
Mike Thompson 1 September 2019 3 years till 31 August 2022 Director & Proprietor, Maintain HR Ltd
Director & Proprietor, Era Wholesome Minds Ltd
Frances Wadsworth 1 April 2017 3 years till 31 March 2020
2-year extension 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2022
6-month extension to 30 September 2022
Lay Advisor, Thames Valley Space Magistracy
Deputy FE Commissioner
Fellow, Royal Society of Arts

There have been no incidents to report back to the Info Commissioner’s Workplace in the course of the yr. The Info Commissioner’s Workplace has not but concluded its consideration of Ofqual’s strategy to awarding in summer time 2020.

There have been 34 non-reportable incidents throughout this era. The Audit and Danger Assurance Committee (ARAC) acquired 4 reviews within the yr to offer assurance on the method and actions taken in opposition to themes recognized. All incidents have been resolved, and applicable controls have been put in place the place mandatory.

Recruitment

The Civil Service Order in Council 1995 offers the authorized foundation for Ofqual’s recruitment insurance policies, and the Civil Service Fee units obligatory ideas for recruitment.

In 2021 to 2022 a mean of 276.02 whole-time equal employees have been employed (237.29 in 2020 to 2021). As well as, there have been a mean of 11 company members of employees to cowl vacancies, maternity go away and long-term sick go away (3 in 2020 to 2021), with 9 employed at 31 March 2022. Ofqual continues to be recognised as a Incapacity Assured employer, having achieved accreditation at stage 2 in February 2020.

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

Assertion of Accounting Officer’s tasks

Underneath the Sources and Accounts Act 2000, HM Treasury has directed Ofqual to arrange for every monetary yr useful resource accounts detailing the assets acquired, held or disposed of in the course of the yr and the usage of assets by the division in the course of the yr. The accounts are ready on an accruals foundation and should give a real and truthful view of the state of affairs of Ofqual and of its revenue and expenditure, Assertion of Monetary Place and money flows for the monetary yr.

In making ready the accounts, the Accounting Officer is required to adjust to the necessities of the Authorities Monetary Reporting Handbook and particularly to:

  • observe the accounts path issued by HM Treasury, together with the related accounting and disclosure necessities, and apply appropriate accounting insurance policies on a constant foundation
  • make judgements and estimates on an affordable foundation
  • state whether or not relevant accounting requirements as set out within the Authorities Monetary Reporting Handbook have been adopted, and disclose and clarify any materials departures within the accounts
  • put together the accounts on a going concern foundation
  • affirm that the Annual Report and Accounts as an entire is truthful, balanced and comprehensible and take private duty for the Annual Report and Accounts and the judgements required for figuring out that it’s truthful, balanced and comprehensible

HM Treasury has appointed the Chief Regulator as Accounting Officer of Ofqual. The tasks of an Accounting Officer, together with duty for the propriety and regularity of the general public funds for which the Accounting Officer is answerable, for preserving correct data and for safeguarding Ofqual’s property, are set out in Managing Public Cash revealed by HM Treasury.

Because the Accounting Officer, I’ve taken all of the steps that I should have taken to make myself conscious of any related audit data and to determine that Ofqual’s auditors are conscious of that data. As far as I’m conscious, there is no such thing as a related audit data of which the auditors are unaware.

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

Governance assertion

Scope of duty

As Accounting Officer, the Chief Regulator is chargeable for sustaining a sound system of inside management that helps the achievement of Ofqual’s insurance policies, goals and goals, whereas safeguarding the general public funds and our property for which they’re personally accountable, in accordance with the tasks assigned in Managing Public Cash. This governance assertion describes how these duties have been carried out by the Accounting Officer and the supporting construction within the 2021 to 2022 monetary yr.

Overview

The Ofqual Board is the authorized authority chargeable for the regulation of {qualifications}, exams and assessments. The board offers management and path, setting our strategic goals, values and requirements. Its work is ruled by the Ofqual Governance Framework. The Chief Regulator has delegated duty from the board to undertake sure statutory capabilities. The Chief Regulator calls upon Ofqual’s government workforce, SMG, to advise as required within the discharge of these capabilities. Additional particulars in regards to the members and actions of the board, its sub-committees and SMG are offered within the detailed paragraphs under.

On 23 February 2021, the Secretary of State issued a Path to Ofqual beneath part 129(6) of the Apprenticeships, Expertise, Youngsters and Studying Act 2009 referring to the federal government’s coverage for exams and different assessments in 2021. The efficiency evaluation part of this report units out the strategy that was taken in response to the Secretary of State’s Path. The minutes of board conferences, together with emergency board conferences, convened to determine and ensure the strategy are revealed on the Ofqual web site.

Ofqual is clear within the recommendation given to particular person functions for senior employees, in compliance with enterprise appointment guidelines.

On 18 September 2021, Dr Jo Saxton was appointed Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer for Ofqual, succeeding Simon Lebus who held the position on an interim foundation. A brief interval of handover enabled a seamless transition to happen.

On 9 December 2021, Ian Bauckham CBE was appointed as chair of the Ofqual Board. Ian had been performing as interim chair since 1 January 2021.

Ofqual Board

Ofqual adheres to the Company Governance Code for central authorities our bodies, and central requirements of fine governance observe for presidency boards the place applicable.

Throughout 2021 to 2022 the board consisted of a chair, between 6 and 9 unusual members (one as deputy chair) and the Chief Regulator. Odd members are appointed by the Secretary of State for Schooling for phrases now not than 5 years. Board members could also be reappointed as their phrases expire, however there is no such thing as a automated proper to this. Ofqual runs an intensive induction programme for brand spanking new board members.

Board membership and phrases of appointment are detailed in Desk 7 within the administrators’ report. Details about the committees on which board members served is offered in Desk 8.

Desk 8: Board members and the committees on which they served in 2021 to 2022 together with proportion attendance

Observe: A clean cell signifies that the member didn’t sit on that committee.

Identify Board (6 conferences) Audit & Danger Assurance Committee (5 conferences) Finance & HR Committee (5 conferences) Requirements Advisory Group (3 conferences)
Susan Barratt
(chair of Finance & HR Committee)
100%   100%  
Ian Bauckham
(chair of Board and Requirements Advisory Group)
100%     100%
Delroy Beverley
(Till 31 December 2021)
100%
(5 out of 5)
  100%
(4 out of 4)
 
Lesley Davies
(till 31 December 2021)
60%
(3 out of 5)
75%
(3 out of 4)
   
Hywel Jones 100%   100%  
Simon Lebus
(till 17 September 2021)
100%
(3 out of three)
     
Dr Catherine McClellan 100%     100%
Dame Christine Ryan 66%
(4 out of 6)
100%
(till 31 July 2021, 3 out of three)
   
Dr Jo Saxton
(from 18 September 2021)
100%
(3 out of three)
     
Matt Tee 100%      
Mike Thompson 100% 100%
(From 1 August 2021, 2 out of two)
   
Frances Wadsworth
(chair of Audit & Danger Assurance Committee)
100% 100%    

Each the interim Chief Regulator, Simon Lebus, and the Chief Regulator, Dr Jo Saxton, attended 100% of ARAC conferences held throughout their respective tenure. The chair of the board is just not a member of ARAC or the Finance and HR Committee, however will be particularly invited to affix the conferences. Through the yr, the chair attended one ARAC assembly.

Govt administrators are invited to attend all board conferences and related committee conferences. Every committee reviews on its work on the board assembly following the committee assembly.

Board and committee members are required to declare potential conflicts of curiosity on appointment and at the start of every assembly they attend. They have to affirm yearly that the register of their pursuits is updated. The place precise or potential conflicts of pursuits are recognized, board members take no half in any dialogue and should not concerned in any choices that relate to these pursuits. The register of pursuits is open to the general public, and requests for data could also be made in writing addressed to the board secretary. The appointments, directorships and different vital pursuits of board members are in Desk 7.

Committees of the board

Throughout 2021 to 2022, there have been 4 committees of the board.

The ARAC offers recommendation and assurance to the board, together with the Chief Regulator as Accounting Officer, on the adequacy and effectiveness of inside controls, danger administration processes, safety and governance preparations, and guaranteeing worth for cash. It additionally oversees inside and exterior audit preparations masking each monetary and non-financial methods. Throughout 2021 to 2022 the committee reviewed the findings of inside audit reviews on a variety of operational areas, that are proven in Desk 9. Sustaining assurance in regards to the efficient operation of Ofqual’s danger framework at a time of dynamic danger administration has remained a key focus for the committee in 2021 to 2022.

The Finance and Human Sources (HR) Committee considers and advises the board on strategic monetary and HR issues. In 2021 to 2022, it acquired key metrics on monetary and folks assets, reviewed the administration accounts and SR21 submission, thought-about the effectivity and effectiveness of economic preparations, reviewed the digital, knowledge and know-how technique, and monitored implementation of the equality, variety and inclusion technique.

The Technical Committee offers technical and strategic recommendation in relation to the event of coverage and technical proposals for regulated {qualifications} and the regulated {qualifications} market. Given the distinctive circumstances of awarding in 2021, the committee didn’t meet in 2021 to 2022, as all issues referring to coverage have been thought-about by the board.

The Requirements Advisory Group advises the board about basic {qualifications}, vocational and technical {qualifications}, and nationwide assessments. Typical points raised concern the comparability of requirements between regulated {qualifications}, worldwide comparisons, and the validity and reliability of assessments.

The Chief Regulator has the facility to determine an Enforcement Committee to find out whether or not enforcement motion needs to be taken in opposition to an awarding organisation. The committee was not convened in 2021 to 2022.

Administration management actions

The Chief Regulator has delegated duty from the board for main the organisation on a day-to-day foundation. The Chief Regulator determines which duties are discharged by members of the chief workforce individually by line administration preparations, and that are discharged collectively by the chief governance teams. Administration management is ruled by SMG. Monetary approval is delegated by the Scheme of Monetary Delegation, which is revealed within the Standing Monetary Directions.

Senior administration group

The senior administration group (SMG) is attended by the Chief Regulator and the chief administrators. Particulars of the chief administrators that served on SMG in 2021 to 2022 are detailed within the administrators’ report. SMG can also be attended by the Director of Communications and the Affiliate Director Individuals and Tradition.

The agenda consists of the common assessment of strategic dangers, setting and monitoring supply in opposition to organisational priorities, and different subjects for strategic dialogue, path setting or choice making. In 2021 to 2022, specific focus has been given to the awarding preparations for 2021 and 2022 as set out within the efficiency evaluation part of this report, to medium-term planning, and to making sure that applicable preparations are in place to allow the secure return of employees to the workplace.

SMG evaluations key organisational efficiency indicators, together with finance, authorized, data know-how, regulatory compliance and strategic human assets issues on a month-to-month foundation.

Danger administration

A broad vary of dangers are managed throughout groups, tasks and programmes associated to Ofqual’s regulatory and company goals and supply. Ofqual’s strategy to managing regulatory dangers is ready out within the revealed regulatory danger framework.

Dangers that will have a direct influence on statutory goals or put in danger supply of the company plan are escalated to the strategic danger register. These dangers are actively monitored and have complete programmes of exercise in place to mitigate their influence or cut back their chance. SMG and the board repeatedly assessment the strategic danger register. ARAC scrutinises the register together with by common deep dives of the danger administration strategy for every danger and escalates issues to the board as mandatory. This maintains lively monitoring of key dangers, and the effectiveness of mitigations.

The pandemic has impacted on Ofqual’s work, and the dangers to Ofqual’s goals. It created a heightened and dynamic danger surroundings and has required distinctly completely different mitigations approaches. While the dangers recorded modified, all through 2021 to 2022 the strategic danger register included dangers associated to the next.

Requirements of GCSE, AS and A ranges

Sustaining requirements is vital to public confidence in {qualifications} and the comparability of attainment by college students and learners between examination boards and in several years. The technical approaches efficiently used to mitigate this danger in a standard yr weren’t doable in 2021 because of the absence of exams. Ofqual was, subsequently, restricted in its capacity to manage this danger. In 2022 the reintroduction of exams allows us to supervise requirements in GCSEs, AS and A ranges, utilizing the total vary of instruments out there pre-pandemic. Ofqual has taken the choice to start the transition again to outcomes according to pre-pandemic ranges with grading requirements for 2022 to replicate a halfway level between these of 2021 and 2019.

Public confidence in GCSEs, AS, A ranges and {qualifications} at school and faculty efficiency tables

Ofqual works with stakeholders to help public confidence by an improved understanding of key points. An intensive communications programme is in place together with blogs, publications and different supplies, and use of social and visible media channels. In 2021 to 2022 the main target of those has been influenced by the circumstances created by the pandemic and has included explaining the brand new approaches and preparations in place and the way pupil nervousness about examinations may be managed. A longitudinal survey of public perceptions is used to measure public confidence in these {qualifications}. Alongside this, focused analysis and engagement, together with in depth conversations with {qualifications} customers is used to gauge public confidence and inform our strategy.

The secure supply of GCSE, AS and A ranges and vocational and technical efficiency desk {qualifications}

In 2021, different preparations for awarding {qualifications} have been launched following the choice that the majority exams couldn’t go forward pretty. This resulted in several dangers to supply. We maintained oversight of and intently monitored supply by an intensive system of controls. Outcomes have been delivered securely and on time. As exams are re-introduced in 2022 in depth controls are in place to mitigate dangers to supply, together with a variety of preventative and reactive exercise.

The influence of recent approaches to awarding {qualifications} on college students with specific protected or different traits

Ofqual actively engaged with equalities our bodies by our session and stakeholder engagement to tell our strategy and choices. A programme of analysis and analysis additionally screens the equalities influence of our regulation.

Regulation of apprenticeship EPAs

Ofqual has a longtime regulatory strategy to apprenticeship EPAs working intently with IfATE. The complete vary of Ofqual’s regulatory powers and instruments can be found to mitigate dangers to validity and requirements and to guard apprentices, particularly by the analysis of the capability and functionality of candidates to ship EPAs, and detailed technical analysis of each evaluation plans and EPAs.

Vocational and technical training reform

Ofqual is enjoying an lively half within the authorities’s reforms to vocational and technical {qualifications}, utilizing its experience and regulatory capabilities in order that dangers to qualification requirements and public confidence are mitigated, and in order that {qualifications} meet the wants of employers and different qualification customers. Ofqual is aware that dangers might manifest in particular person {qualifications}, or on account of simultaneous supply of a number of reforms. Mitigating exercise ranges from offering technical recommendation to authorities and the analysis of reformed {qualifications} earlier than they’re made out there, to shut engagement with awarding organisations and customers of {qualifications} about potential system-wide danger.

Offering assurance on the validity of Nationwide Assessments

Ofqual’s focus is on dangers to validity, quite than supply, in Nationwide Assessments, by oversight of the Requirements and Testing Company (an company of the Division for Schooling), which manages the contract with the supply accomplice. Monitoring takes place by commentary and analysis, elevating dangers the place mandatory so these will be addressed by accountable our bodies. Areas of focus embrace the dangers to validity launched by reintroduction of assessments following 2 years of cancellation and the primary yr of supply for a brand new check supplier.

Ofqual’s capability and functionality

Allocation of assets is actively prioritised to make sure public cash is used properly and that priorities are delivered inside funds. Ofqual screens quite a few indicators of economic, individuals and capability dangers, together with collaborating within the annual Civil Service Individuals Survey. This informs strategic exercise round motivating and retaining Ofqual’s individuals and confirmed an enchancment in the course of the yr.

Cyber and data safety

Ofqual actively develops and improves its strategy to mitigating cyber and data safety dangers in a frequently evolving menace surroundings. Mitigations embrace an intensive schedule of deliberate enhancements to technical controls, frequently enhancing the resilience of incident responses and guaranteeing understanding of dangers amongst our employees. Ofqual assesses the maturity of controls in opposition to established business well being checks, together with the Nationwide Cyber Safety Centre’s cyber necessities plus and ISO 27001 accreditation.

Affect of the Ukraine disaster

As a part of Ofqual’s strategy to making ready for the summer time examination sequence, and previous to the invasion of Ukraine, readiness evaluations have been held with the examination boards to test on their readiness for the sequence. Potential safety dangers or provide chain points related to the escalating tensions in Ukraine have been mentioned at these conferences, and in subsequent readiness actions with the examination boards.

Inner audit

ARAC agreed the 2021 to 2022 inside audit plan on 3 February 2021. The plan encompassed securing assurance on a variety of regulatory and company areas of labor.

Effectiveness of the interior management framework

Ofqual works properly with each the interior and exterior audit groups. Our proactive engagement has enabled the profitable completion of the 2020 to 2021 inside audit plan and the exterior audit of the 2020 to 2021 accounts completely remotely for a second yr.

The interior auditor elevated the vary of audit rankings from 3 to 4 from April 2021. The ranking descriptions are:

  • Substantial: the framework of governance, danger administration and management is satisfactory and efficient
  • Reasonable: some enhancements are required to boost the adequacy and effectiveness of the framework of governance, danger administration and management
  • Restricted: there are vital weaknesses within the framework of governance, danger administration and management such that it may very well be or might change into insufficient and ineffective
  • Unsatisfactory: there are elementary weaknesses within the framework of governance, danger administration and management such that it’s insufficient and ineffective or is more likely to fail

The person audits and their rankings are offered in Desk 9. The desk reveals that every one audit evaluations offered both substantial or average assurance. The annual audit opinion of the interior auditor for 2021 to 2022 assessed our framework of governance, danger administration, and management as average in its general adequacy and effectiveness.

Desk 9: Inner Audit report rankings

Audit title Report ranking
Key Monetary Techniques – Administration Accounts Substantial
Key Monetary Techniques – Authorities Procurement Playing cards Reasonable
Workers Wellbeing Reasonable
Counter Fraud Substantial
Info Expertise Reasonable
Cyber Safety Substantial
C1(b) Recognition Opinions Reasonable
Stakeholder administration Substantial

As well as, an advisory assessment was carried out of Ofqual’s company governance framework. A observe up audit was additionally carried out to substantiate the standing of earlier audit actions. This confirmed that 16 of 17 actions have been full, and the remaining motion has been applied because the audit was accomplished. The variety of audit actions that remained in progress on the year-end is proven in Desk 10. These are actions from audits that happened in the course of the fourth quarter of 2021 to 2022 and stay on observe from completion by the agreed deadlines.

Desk 10: Inner audit actions in progress on the yr finish

Observe: a – in a cell signifies no actions for the ranking in that yr

Audit ranking 2018 to 2019 2019 to 2020 2020 to 2021 2021 to 2022
Elementary
Important 5 4 2
Housekeeping 16 5 2 5
Complete 21 9 2 7

Until in any other case said, these methods and controls have been in place for 2021 to 2022, and as much as the date of approval of the Annual Report and Accounts.

Accounting Officer system assertion

As Accounting Officer of Ofqual, the Chief Regulator, substantive or interim, is personally chargeable for safeguarding the general public funds for which they’ve been given cost within the Ofqual Estimate. To help the Accounting Officer in discharging their tasks, the Ofqual Governance Framework units out the scheme of delegation beneath which we function.

In addition to the opinion offered to the Accounting Officer by our inside auditor, every government director and applicable administrators and affiliate administrators have been required to assessment the controls that they’ve in place to handle governance, danger and management preparations and to report by the use of written assurance on the finish of the monetary yr that these controls have been efficient. This dietary supplements the common reporting to the SMG on the stewardship of funds and dangers. These letters of assurance help the preparation of this governance assertion. No management failures or extra dangers have been recognized from these letters of assurance.

As Accounting Officer, I’m accountable for guaranteeing compliance with Authorities Purposeful Requirements in Ofqual. I’m assured that Ofqual has a excessive stage of compliance with the required and advisable parts of every related commonplace. A plan is in place to adjust to the remaining parts of every related commonplace in a means that meets enterprise wants and priorities in order that the requirements are embedded into directorate enterprise plans for 2022 to 2023 onwards.

All of the proof that helps this governance assertion has been thought-about and I’m assured, as Accounting Officer, that Ofqual has sturdy governance, danger and inside management preparations that help the supply of our goals and goals.

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

Remuneration and employees report

Remuneration report

Ofqual is a non-ministerial authorities division with no ministerial remuneration to report.

The chair and different non-executive board members are appointed by the Secretary of State for Schooling for renewable phrases of no more than 5 years. The Queen-in-Council, on the recommendation of the Secretary of State for Schooling, appoints the Chief Regulator, together with the Interim Chief Regulator, for a set time period.

All different everlasting employees are civil servants, appointed in accordance with the Civil Service Recruitment Code, which requires appointments to be made on advantage on the idea of truthful and open competitors, besides in specified circumstances. Until in any other case said, the employees lined by this report maintain Civil Service appointments.

Additional details about the work of the Civil Service Fee is obtainable on its web site.

The Chief Regulator, board members and administrators are lined by the Civil Service Administration Code, and potential and precise conflicts of curiosity are managed in accordance with this code. The administrators’ report features a record of the directorships and different vital pursuits held by these people. Ofqual maintains a register of pursuits that’s open to the general public and accessible by written request for data addressed to the Board Secretary.

Administrators are paid in accordance with the Civil Service pay construction. Any change to administrators’ remuneration for the present and future years will replicate the work and suggestions of the Senior Salaries Evaluate Physique.

Remuneration (together with wage and advantages in sort)

This part is topic to audit.

Desk 11 and Desk 12 present the gross wage and different taxable allowances for Ofqual’s board members and senior executives. Full-year wage equivalents for individuals who served a part of the yr are proven in brackets.

Desk 11: Wage of board members for yr ending 31 March 2022

Notes:

  • the Chief Regulator can also be a member of the board. The wage of these holding the workplace of Chief Regulator throughout 2021 to 2022 are in Desk 12
  • a – in a cell signifies no remuneration for that yr
Board Members Wage 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Wage 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £ Efficiency Associated Awards 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Efficiency Associated Awards 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £ Pension Advantages 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Pension Advantages 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £ Complete 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Complete 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Roger Taylor
(chair till 31 December 2020)
30 to 35
(40 to 45)
30 to 35
(40 to 45)
Mike Cresswell
(till 30 September 2020)
0 to five
(5 to 10)
0 to five
(5 to 10)
Dame Christine Ryan 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Hywel Jones 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Frances Wadsworth 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Ian Bauckham
(performing chair from 1 January 2021 and substantive from 9 December 2021)
45 to 50
(55 to 60)
15 to twenty 45 to 50
(55 to 60)
15-20
Delroy Beverley
(till 31 December 2021)
0 to five
(5 to 10)
5 to 10 0 to five
(5 to 10)
5 to 10
Lesley Davies
(till 31 December 2021)
0 to five
(5 to 10)
5 to 10 0 to five
(5 to 10)
5 to 10
Susan Barratt 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Mike Thompson 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Matt Tee 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Catherine McClellan 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10 5 to 10
Dame Glenys Stacey
(from 1 to 28 January 2021)
5 to 10
(60 to 65)
5 to 10
(60 to 65)

Desk 12: Wage of senior executives for yr ending 31 March 2022

Notes:

  • salaries are proven as entire time equal. Simon Lebus was 0.8 of entire time equal
  • a – in a cell signifies no remuneration for that yr
Senior Govt Wage 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Wage 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £ Efficiency Associated Awards 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Efficiency Associated Awards 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £ Pension Advantages 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ Pension Advantages 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £ Complete 2021 to 2022 Complete 2020 to 2021
Sally Collier
Chief Regulator to 25 August 2020
110 to 115
(155 to 160)
21 135 to 140
(175 to 180)
Dame Glenys Stacey
Interim Chief Regulator from 25 August 2020 to 31 December 2020
55 to 60
(155 to 160)
55 to 60
(155 to 160)
Simon Lebus
Interim Chief Regulator from 1 January 2021 to 17 September 2021
70 to 75
(175 to 180)
35 to 40
(175 to 180)
70 to 75
(175 to 180)
35 to 40
(175 to 180)
Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator from 18 September 2021
90 to 95
(160 to 165)
19 110 to 115
(180 to 185)
Sean Pearce
Chief Working Officer to 19 April 2022
120 to 125 120 to 125 0 to five 49 49 170 to 175 170 to 175
                 
Michelle Meadows
Govt Director, Technique, Danger and Analysis and Deputy Chief Regulator to 10 September 2021
50 to 55
(115 to 120)
115 to 120 0 to five 21 47 75 to 80
(135 to 140)
160 to 165
Cath Jadhav
Govt Director, Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation from 12 August 2021
60 to 65
(100 to 105)
16 75 to 80
(120 to 125)
Daniel Gutteridge
Basic Counsel from 1 March 2022
5 to 10
(85 to 90)
3 5 to 10
(85 to 90)
Michael Hanton
Govt Director, Technique from 28 March 2022
0 to five
(85 to 90)
0 to five
(85 to 90)
Julie Swan
Govt Director, Basic {Qualifications}
115 to 120 100 to 105 0 to five 44 40 160 to 165 140 to 145
Phil Seashore
Govt Director, Vocational and Technical {Qualifications} to 18 September 2020
50 to 55
(100 to 105)
0 to five 19 70 to 75
(140 to 145)
Catherine Giant
Govt Director, Vocational and Technical {Qualifications} performing from 15 January 2021, substantive from 1 March 2021
105 to 110 15 to twenty
(95 to 100)
42 8 150 to 155 20 to 25
(100 to 105)
Pension advantages

This part is topic to audit.

The knowledge for the will increase in pension, complete accrued pension and money equal switch worth (CETV) is offered by My Civil Service Pensions (MyCSP) in accordance with calculations and within the format decided by MyCSP and the Cupboard Workplace.

Non-executive board appointments are non-pensionable, so board members apart from the Chief Regulator are excluded from this desk.

Desk 13: Pension advantages of senior executives for yr ending 31 March 2022

Senior government Accrued pension at pension age at 31 March 2022 and associated lump sum in 1000’s of £ Actual enhance in pension and associated lump sum at pension age in 1000’s of £ CETV at 31 March 2022 in 1000’s of £ CETV at 31 March 2021 in 1000’s of £ Actual enhance in CETV in 1000’s of £
Simon Lebus
Dr Jo Saxton 5 to 10 0 to 2.5 66 52 9
Sean Pearce 5 to 10 2.5 to five 104 70 23
Michelle Meadows 20 to 25 0 to 2.5 261 239 12
Cath Jadhav 25 to 30 0 to 2.5 350 320 13
Daniel Gutteridge 10 to fifteen 0 to 2.5 121 95 15
Michael Hanton 10 to fifteen 0 to 2.5 129 107 11
Julie Swan 25 to 30 2.5 to five 436 387 26
Phil Seashore 10 to fifteen 0 to 2.5 206 206 26
Catherine Giant 10 to fifteen 0 to 2.5 117 92 15
Honest pay within the public sector

This part is topic to audit.

Reporting our bodies are required to reveal the connection between the remuneration of the highest-paid director of their organisation and the remuneration of the organisation’s workforce. The median pay ratio for the related monetary yr is in step with the pay, reward and development insurance policies for the entity’s workers taken as an entire.

Desk 14: Highest paid director and decrease quartile, median, and higher quartile ratio for 2021 to 2022

Class twenty fifth percentile pay ratio Median pay ratio seventy fifth percentile pay ratio
Ratios 4.9:1 4.1:1 3.3:1
Wage £32,997 £40,194 £49,126
Complete remuneration £33,399 £40,694 £49,801

The banded remuneration of the highest-paid director in Ofqual on 31 March 2022 was £160,000 to £165,000 (2020 to 2021: £175,000 to £180,000) annual equal wage. The very best paid director’s wage decreased by 8.5% following the appointment of a brand new Chief Regulator. This additionally lowered the median remuneration to 4.1 occasions the median remuneration of the workforce, which was £40,694 (2020 to 2021: 4.3 occasions, £40,576).

In 2021 to 2022 no workers acquired remuneration in extra of the highest-paid director (2020 to 2021: nil). Full-time equal remuneration ranged from £6,000 to £180,000 within the monetary yr (2020 to 2021: £3,000 to £180,000). The vary begins at £6,000 because of funds made to the non-executive administrators. For everlasting workers the vary begins at £13,978. The typical workers’ wage in 2021 to 2022 is £44,985 (2020 to 2021: £45,305), a lower of 0.8%.

Complete remuneration consists of wage, non-consolidated performance-related pay and benefits-in-kind. It doesn’t embrace severance funds, employer pension contributions and the CETV of pensions.

Money equal switch values

A money equal switch worth (CETV) is the actuarially assessed capitalised worth of the pension scheme advantages accrued by a member at a selected time limit. The advantages valued are the member’s accrued advantages and any contingent partner’s pension payable from the scheme. A CETV is a fee made by a pension scheme or association to safe pension advantages in one other pension scheme, or association when the member leaves a scheme and chooses to switch the advantages accrued of their former scheme. The pension figures proven relate to the advantages that the person has accrued as a consequence of their complete membership of the pension scheme, not simply their service in a senior capability to which disclosure applies.

The figures embrace the worth of any pension profit in one other scheme or association that the member has transferred to the Civil Service pension preparations. Additionally they embrace any extra pension profit accrued to the member on account of their shopping for extra pension advantages at their very own price. CETVs are labored out in accordance with The Occupational Pension Schemes (Switch Values) (Modification) Laws 2008 and don’t take account of any precise or potential discount to advantages ensuing from Lifetime Allowance Tax which can be due when pension advantages are taken.

Actual enhance in CETV

This displays the rise in CETV that’s funded by the employer. It doesn’t embrace the rise in accrued pension because of inflation or contributions paid by the worker (together with the worth of any advantages transferred from one other pension scheme or association) and makes use of widespread market valuation components for the beginning and finish of the interval.

Compensation for lack of workplace

This part is topic to audit.

No compensation for lack of workplace was paid to senior members of employees included within the remuneration report in 2021 to 2022 (2020 to 2021: nil). Exit funds to different employees are included in Desk 18 on reporting of Civil Service and different compensation schemes – exit packages.

Pension prices

The Principal Civil Service Pension Scheme (PCSPS) and the Civil Servant and Different Pension Scheme (CSOPS) – often known as ‘alpha’ – are unfunded multi-employer outlined profit schemes however Ofqual is unable to establish its share of the underlying property and liabilities. The scheme actuary valued the scheme at 31 March 2016. Particulars are within the useful resource accounts of the Cupboard Workplace: Civil Superannuation.

Alpha was launched from 1 April 2015, which offers advantages on a profession common foundation with a standard pension age equal to the member’s State Pension age (or 65 if greater). From that date all newly appointed civil servants and nearly all of these already in service joined alpha. Previous to that date, civil servants participated within the PCSPS. The PCSPS has 4 sections: 3 offering advantages on a remaining wage foundation (traditional, premium or traditional plus) with a standard pension age of 60; and 1 offering advantages on an entire profession foundation (nuvos) with a standard pension age of 65.

These statutory preparations are unfunded with the price of advantages met by monies voted by Parliament every year. Pensions payable beneath traditional, premium, traditional plus, nuvos and alpha are elevated yearly according to Pensions Enhance laws. Current members of the PCSPS who have been inside 10 years of their regular pension age on 1 April 2012 remained within the PCSPS after 1 April 2015. Those that have been between 10 years and 13 years and 5 months from their regular pension age on 1 April 2012 will change into alpha someday between 1 June 2015 and 1 February 2022. All members who change to alpha have their PCSPS advantages ‘banked’, with these with earlier advantages in one of many remaining wage sections of the PCSPS having these advantages based mostly on their remaining wage once they go away alpha. The pension figures quoted for officers present pension earned in PCSPS or alpha as applicable. The place the official has advantages in each the PCSPS and alpha the determine quoted is the mixed worth of their advantages within the 2 schemes.

There may be now a single set of contribution charges throughout Civil Service Pensions, no matter whether or not members are in traditional, traditional plus, premium, nuvos or alpha. Worker contributions are salary-related and vary between 4.6% and eight.05% of pensionable earnings for members. Advantages in traditional accrue on the price of 1–eightieth of ultimate pensionable earnings for every year of service. As well as, a lump sum equal to three years’ preliminary pension is payable on retirement. For premium, advantages accrue on the price of 1–sixtieth of ultimate pensionable earnings for every year of service. In nuvos, a member builds up a pension based mostly on their pensionable earnings throughout their interval of scheme membership. On the finish of the scheme yr (31 March), the member’s earned pension account is credited with 2.3% of their pensionable earnings in that scheme yr and the accrued pension is uprated according to Pensions Enhance laws. Advantages in alpha construct up in the same method to nuvos, besides that the accrual price is 2.32%. In all instances, members might decide to surrender (commute) pension for a lump sum as much as the bounds set by the Finance Act 2004.

The accrued pension quoted is the pension the member is entitled to obtain once they attain pension age, or instantly on ceasing to be an lively member of the scheme if they’re already at or over pension age. Pension age is 60 for members of traditional, premium and traditional plus, 65 for members of nuvos, and the upper of 65 or State Pension age for members of alpha. The pension figures quoted for officers present pension earned in PCSPS or alpha, as applicable. The place the official has advantages in each the PCSPS and alpha the determine quoted is the mixed worth of their advantages within the 2 schemes, however word that a part of that pension could also be payable from completely different ages.

Additional particulars in regards to the Civil Service pension preparations will be discovered on the Civil Service Pension Scheme web site.

For 2021 to 2022, employers’ contributions of £3.32 million have been payable to MyCSP (2020 to 2021: £2.95 million) at 1 of 4 charges within the vary 26.6% to 30.3% (2020 to 2021: 26.6% to 30.3%) of pensionable pay, based mostly on wage bands.

The Scheme Actuary evaluations employer contributions normally each 4 years following a full scheme valuation. The contribution charges are set to fulfill the price of the advantages accruing throughout 2021 to 2022 to be paid when the member retires and never the advantages paid throughout this era to current pensioners.

Employers’ contributions of £39,539 (2020 to 2021: £14,354) have been paid to one of many panel of appointed stakeholder pension suppliers. Contributions because of the partnership pension suppliers on the reporting interval date have been £2,891. Contributions pay as you go at that date have been nil.

There have been no ill-health retirements in the course of the yr funded by Ofqual.

Workers report

The next part is topic to audit.

Gross Workers prices for 2021 to 2022 have been £18.08 million (£16.13 million in 2020 to 2021) of which £0.88 million (£0.31 million in 2020 to 2021) associated to company employees. Web employees prices, after recoveries referring to outward secondments for 2021 to 2022 have been £18.03 million (£16.11 million in 2020 to 2021). Additional particulars are proven in Observe 3 of the accounts.

Desk 15: Workers prices

Value sort 2021 to 2022 completely employed employees in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 others in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 complete employees prices in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 complete employees prices in 1000’s of £
Wages and salaries 12,511 876 13,387 11,932
Social safety prices 1,370 1,370 1,252
Different pension prices 3,319 3,319 2,949
Sub complete 17,200 876 18,076 16,133
Much less recoveries in respect of outward secondments -50 -50 -19
Complete internet prices 17,150 876 18,026 16,114

Desk 15a: Breakdown of internet employees prices by funds

Charged to Administration budgets in 1000’s of £ Charged to Programme budgets in 1000’s of £ Charged to capital budgets in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 complete employees prices in 1000’s of £
Complete internet prices 12,171 5,855 18,026

The next tables embrace each everlasting and glued time period contract (FTC) employees. FTC employees present cowl for substantive posts and new short-term posts funded from mission assets. Desk 16 reveals the typical variety of entire time equal (WTE) employees that have been employed in the course of the yr.

Desk 16: Common variety of individuals employed

Exercise 2021 to 2022 Completely employed employees WTE 2021 to 2022 Others WTE 2021 to 2022 Complete individuals employed WTE 2020 to 2021 Complete individuals employed WTE
Useful resource actions 275.62 0.4 276.02 237.29
Capital actions
Complete 275.62 0.4 276.02 237.29
Of which core division 275.62 0.4 276.02 237.29
Complete 275.62 0.4 276.02 237.29

The typical headcount for the yr is proven in Desk 17, together with by pay band for senior civil servants.

Desk 17: Common headcount employed

No consultants have been employed in 2021 to 2022 (nil in 2020 to 2021).

Desk 18: Reporting of Civil Service & different compensation schemes – exit packages

Exit bundle price band 2021 to 2022 Variety of obligatory redundancies 2021 to 2022 Variety of different departures agreed 2021 to 2022 Complete variety of exit packages by price band 2020 to 2021 Variety of obligatory redundancies 2020 to 2021 Variety of different departures agreed 2020 to 2021 Complete variety of exit packages by price band
<£10,000 1 1
£10,000-£25,000
£25,000-£50,000 1 1
£50,000-£100,000
£100,000-£150,000
£150,000-£200,000
Complete variety of exit packages 1 1 1 1
Complete price (£000) 37 37 9 9

Different employees data

The next sections should not topic to audit until in any other case said.

Off-payroll appointments

Following the Evaluate of Tax Preparations of Public Sector Appointees revealed by the Chief Secretary to the Treasury on 23 Could 2012, departments should publish data on their excessive paid and/or senior off-payroll engagements.

Desk 19: Off-payroll engagements at 31 March 2022, for greater than £245 per day

Description Variety of engagements
Variety of current engagements at 31 March 2022 10
Quantity which have existed for lower than 1 yr at time of reporting 9
Quantity which have existed for between 1 and a couple of years at time of reporting 1
Quantity which have existed for between 2 and three years at time of reporting Nil
Quantity which have existed for between 3 and 4 years at time of reporting Nil
Quantity which have existed for 4 or extra years at time of reporting Nil

Authorities departments are required to acquire assurances from people on contracts of greater than 6 months’ period, the place the annual price is bigger than £63,700, that tax due on contract funds will probably be paid. At 31 March 2022, all such contractors engaged by Ofqual met these situations.

Ofqual holds contracts with the company not the person. The businesses are requested to hunt assurances from the people earlier than they’re engaged by Ofqual. The businesses have offered proof of clauses included inside the company contract with the person stating the person ought to guarantee they appropriately account for his or her tax and Nationwide Insurance coverage legal responsibility.

Desk 20: New off-payroll engagements, or those who reached 6 months in period, between 1 April 2021 and 31 March 2022, for greater than £245 per day

Description Variety of engagements
Variety of new engagements between 1 April 2021 and 31 March 2022 9
Quantity assessed as caught by IR35 9
Quantity assessed as not caught by IR35
Quantity engaged immediately (by way of PSC contracted to division) and are on the departmental payroll
Variety of engagements reassessed for consistency or assurance functions in the course of the yr
Variety of engagements that noticed a change to IR35 standing following the consistency assessment

Desk 21: Off-payroll engagements of board members, and, or, senior officers, with vital monetary duty, between 1 April 2021 and 31 March 2022

Description Variety of engagements
Variety of off-payroll engagements of board members, and, or, senior officers, with vital monetary duty, throughout the monetary yr
Complete variety of people on payroll and off-payroll who’ve been deemed ‘board members and, or, senior officers, with vital monetary duty’, in the course of the monetary yr. This determine ought to embrace each on payroll and off-payroll engagements 2

The Accounting Officer is recognized as having vital monetary duty within the yr. Throughout 2021 to 2022, there have been 2 Chief Regulators, subsequently 2 Accounting Officers are recorded in Desk 21.

The Commerce Union Laws 2017

The Commerce Union (Facility Time Publication Necessities) Laws 2017 requires public authorities to publish data in relation to facility time taken by commerce union officers.

Desk 22: Related union officers

Variety of workers who have been related union officers in the course of the interval WTE equal
1 1

Desk 23: Facility time

Proportion of time spent on facility time Headcount
0% 1
1% to 50%
51% to 99%
100%

Complete hours allowed between union officers is 9 hours per week for facility time, however because the time spent is normally negligible, it’s not recorded, subsequently, Ofqual doesn’t file the price of facility time individually.

Illness absence

In 2021 to 2022, 1,713 days have been misplaced to illness absence (468 days in 2020 to 2021), representing 2.4% of obtainable employees working days. That is a mean of 5.75 days per worker (1.89 days per worker in 2020 to 2021). Nearly all of this enhance was because of employees who have been long run sick (common of 4.6 employees) who accounted for 1,104 days of absence (2020 to 2021: 159). COVID-19 had a minimal influence on illness absence in 2021 to 2022.

Well being, security and wellbeing

Ofqual is dedicated to offering a secure and wholesome working surroundings for workers. This consists of involvement in a well being and security discussion board for all authorities our bodies represented in Earlsdon Park and growing relationships with the native police to make sure employees security is maintained. All workers have entry to a confidential 24 hours a day, 7 days per week worker help programme and are provided the chance to participate in quite a lot of well being screening and office wellness programmes, together with psychological well being consciousness periods and flu vaccinations.

Equality, variety and inclusion

Ofqual promotes equality for all no matter standing, together with age, incapacity, gender standing, marriage or civil partnership, being pregnant and maternity, race, faith or perception, intercourse or sexual orientation. Ofqual launched a variety and inclusion technique in January 2020, which embeds the dedication to allow all employees to understand their potential and for Ofqual to be an organisation that represents the variety of the {qualifications} group we regulate and the Midlands group the place we’re based mostly. Progress in opposition to this technique is reported into the Finance and Human Sources Committee on a quarterly foundation. The gender breakdown of employees, which incorporates each everlasting and glued time period contracts, at 31 March 2022 was 178 girls and 112 males (154 and 105 respectively in 2020 to 2021).

Desk 24: Workers gender breakdown

Workers grade 2021 to 2022 Girls 2021 to 2022 Males 2020 to 2021 Girls 2020 to 2021 Males
Senior Civil Servants 9 9 10 10
Civil Servants – different grades 169 103 144 95
Complete 178 112 154 105

At 31 March 2022, 10.3% of employees recognized as disabled (9.3% in 2020 to 2021), with 21.0% not declaring their incapacity standing (24.7% in 2020 to 2021). 18.6% categorised themselves as from an ethnic minority group (16.5% in 2020 to 2021), with an extra 3.1% undeclared (3.8% in 2020 to 2021). Ofqual publishes data on the gender pay hole yearly.

Parliamentary Accountability and Audit Report

Assertion of Outturn in opposition to Parliamentary Provide

Along with the first statements ready beneath IFRS, the federal government FReM requires Ofqual to arrange a Assertion of Outturn in opposition to Parliamentary Provide (SOPS) and supporting notes. The SOPS and associated notes are topic to audit, as detailed within the Certificates and Report of the Comptroller and Auditor Basic to the Home of Commons.

The SOPS is a key accountability assertion that reveals, intimately, how Ofqual has spent in opposition to its Provide Estimate. Provide is the financial provision for useful resource and capital functions and money, drawn primarily from the Consolidated Fund, that Parliament provides statutory authority for Ofqual to make use of. The Estimate particulars Provide and is voted on by Parliament initially of the monetary yr.

Ought to Ofqual exceed the bounds set by their Provide Estimate, known as management totals, the accounts will obtain a professional opinion.

The format of the SOPS mirrors the Provide Estimates, revealed on GOV.UK, to allow comparability between what Parliament approves and the ultimate outturn. The SOPS comprises a abstract desk, detailing efficiency in opposition to the management limits that Parliament have voted on, money spent (budgets are compiled on an accruals foundation and so outturn received’t precisely tie to money spent) and administration.

The supporting notes element the next:

  • Outturn by Estimate line, offering a extra detailed breakdown (Observe 1)
  • a reconciliation of outturn to internet working expenditure within the Assertion of Complete Web Expenditure (SOCNE), to tie the SOPS to the monetary statements (Observe 2)
  • a reconciliation of internet useful resource outturn to internet money requirement (Observe 3)
  • an evaluation of revenue payable to the Consolidated Fund (Observe 4)

The SOPS and Estimates are compiled in opposition to the budgeting framework, which has similarities to, however completely different to, IFRS. An understanding of the budgeting framework and a proof of key phrases is offered within the monetary assessment part of the efficiency report. Additional data on the Public Spending Framework and the explanation why budgeting guidelines are completely different to IFRS will also be present in chapter 1 of the Consolidated Budgeting Steerage.

The SOPS offers an in depth view of economic efficiency, in a type that’s voted on and recognised by Parliament. The monetary assessment part of the efficiency report additionally offers a summarised dialogue of outturn in opposition to Estimate and capabilities as an introduction to the SOPS disclosures.

Desk 25: Abstract desk – quantities accepted in accordance with Parliamentary expenditure limits

Kind of spend SOPS Observe 2021 to 2022 Outturn voted in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn non-voted in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn complete in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Estimate voted in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Estimate non-voted in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Estimate complete in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Voted outturn in comparison with Estimate: saving or (extra) in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn complete in 1000’s of £
DEL Useful resource 1.1 24,772 24,772 25,131 25,131 359 21,939
DEL Capital 1.2 397 397 400 400 3 772
Complete DEL   25,169 25,169 25,531 25,531 362 22,711
AME Useful resource 1.1
AME Capital 1.2
Complete AME  
Price range Useful resource 1.1 24,772 24,772 25,131 25,131 359 21,939
Price range Capital 1.2 397 397 400 400 3 772
Complete funds   25,169 25,169 25,531 25,531 362 22,711
Non-budget 1.1
Complete funds & non-budget   25,169 25,169 25,531 25,531 362 22,711

Ofqual requests assets to undertake our statutory duties because the regulator of {qualifications}, exams and statutory assessments. The figures described as ‘voted’ in Desk 25 are totals topic to Parliamentary management. The Provide Estimates steerage guide, comprises additional element in regards to the management limits voted by Parliament.

Explanations of variances between Estimate and outturn are given in SOPS Observe 1.1. Departmental expenditure limits cowl all programme and administration prices.

The Web Money Requirement is the amount of money that Ofqual requires to help expenditure. It excludes non-cash gadgets similar to depreciation and notional fees.

Desk 26: Web money requirement

Merchandise SOPS word 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Estimate in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn in comparison with Estimate: saving or (extra) in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £
Web money requirement 3 24,690 25,170 480 23,717

As well as, though not a separate voted restrict, any breach of the administration funds may also end in an extra vote.

Desk 27: Administration prices

Merchandise SOPS word 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Estimate in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn in comparison with Estimate: saving or (extra) in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £
Administration prices 1.1 15,205 15,510 305 14,791

Ofqual has had no Prior Interval Changes in 2021 to 2022.

Notes to the Assertion of Outturn in opposition to Parliamentary Provide

SOPS Observe 1: Outturn element, by Estimate line

SOPS 1.1: Evaluation of useful resource outturn by Estimate line

Class 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Admin Gross in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Admin Earnings in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Admin Web in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Prog Gross in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Prog Earnings in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Prog Web in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn in comparison with Estimate: saving or (extra) in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Useful resource Outturn Complete in 1000’s of £
Spending in DEL – Voted: A. Regulation of {qualifications} and statutory assessments 15,378 -173 15,205 9,567 9,567 359 21,939
Spending in AME – Voted: Provision for dilapidations
Complete Voted expenditure              
Non-Voted expenditure
Complete useful resource 15,378 -173 15,205 9,567 9,567 359 21,939

An evidence of the outturn in comparison with Estimate is offered within the monetary assessment part of the efficiency report.

Ofqual continues to have a £29k provision referring to workplace dilapidations at Earlsdon Park (2020 to 2021: £29k). A assessment of the availability in 2021 to 2022 confirmed that the prevailing provision was deemed ample to settle any future dilapidation prices, notably on condition that workplace occupancy has been restricted because of coronavirus (COVID-19) restrictions within the final 2 years. The estimate of the availability will probably be revised if circumstances change that would have a serious influence on the price.

Sops 1.2: Evaluation of capital outturn by Estimate line

Class 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn Admin Gross in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn Admin Earnings in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn Admin Web in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn Prog Gross in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn Prog Earnings in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn Prog Web in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Capital Outturn in comparison with Estimate: saving or (extra) in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Capital Outturn Complete in 1000’s of £
Spending in DEL – Voted: A. Regulation of {qualifications} and statutory assessments 397 397 3 772
Spending in AME – Voted
Complete Voted expenditure 397 397 3 772
Non-Voted expenditure
Complete Capital 397 397 3 772
SOPS Observe 2: Reconciliation of useful resource outturn to internet working expenditure
Merchandise SOPS Observe 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £
Complete useful resource outturn 1.1 24,772 21,939
Much less: revenue payable to the Consolidated Fund 4.1
Web Working Expenditure in Consolidated Assertion of Complete Web Expenditure SOCNE 24,772 21,939

As famous within the introduction to the SOPS above, the Estimates and outturn are compiled utilizing the budgeting framework, which has similarities to, however completely different from, IFRS. Subsequently, this reconciliation bridges the useful resource outturn to internet working expenditure, linking the SOPS to the monetary statements.

SOPS Observe 3: Reconciliation of internet useful resource outturn to internet money requirement
Merchandise SOPS Observe or Reference 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Estimate in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn in comparison with Estimate: saving or (extra) in 1000’s of £
Useful resource outturn 1.1 24,772 25,131 359
Capital outturn 1.2 397 400 3
Changes to take away non-cash gadgets: Depreciation   -298 -311 -13
Changes to take away non-cash gadgets: Changes for provisions  
Changes to take away non-cash gadgets: Different non-cash gadgets   -72 -50 22
Changes to replicate actions in working balances: Enhance or (lower) in receivables   -69 69
Changes to replicate actions in working balances: (Enhance) or lower in payables   -40 40
Changes to replicate actions in working balances: Use of provisions  
Web money requirement Desk 26 24,690 25,170 480
SOPS Observe 4: Evaluation of revenue because of the Consolidated Fund

SOPS 4.1: Evaluation of revenue payable to the Consolidated Fund

Merchandise 2021 to 2022 Outturn Accruals Foundation in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Outturn Money Foundation in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn Accruals Foundation in 1000’s of £ 2020 to0 2021 Outturn Money Foundation in 1000’s of £
Earnings exterior the ambit of the Estimate
Extra money surrenderable to the Consolidated Fund
Complete quantity payable to the Consolidated Fund

Consolidated fund revenue proven in SOPS Observe 4.1 above doesn’t embrace any quantities collected by Ofqual the place it was performing as agent for the Consolidated Fund quite than as principal. The quantities collected as agent for the Consolidated Fund, that are in any other case excluded from the monetary statements, are proven in SOPS Observe 4.2.

SOPS 4.2: Consolidated Fund Earnings

Merchandise 2021 to 2022 Outturn in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Outturn in 1000’s of £
Fines and penalties 50
Different revenue
Quantity payable to the Consolidated Fund    
Stability held initially of the yr 401
Funds into the Consolidated Fund -50 -401
Stability held on belief on the finish of the yr

In 2021 to 2022 Ofqual acquired £58k from one awarding organisation following regulatory motion, comprising of a £50k financial penalty and £8k price restoration. Ofqual retained the £8k price restoration and paid the financial penalty to the consolidated fund.

Parliamentary Accountability Disclosures

Losses and particular funds

The next sections are topic to audit.

Losses

Throughout 2021 to 2022, Ofqual incurred no materials losses (nil in 2020 to 2021).

Particular Funds

Throughout 2021 to 2022, Ofqual incurred no particular severance funds (nil in 2020 to 2021).

Presents

No materials presents have been acquired throughout 2021 to 2022 (nil in 2020 to 2021).

Charges and Prices

This part is topic to audit.

No materials charges and fees revenue was acquired throughout 2021 to 2022 (nil in 2020 to 2021).

Distant contingent liabilities

This part is topic to audit.

Along with contingent liabilities reported inside the which means of Worldwide Accounting Normal (IAS) 37, Ofqual additionally reviews liabilities for which the chance of a switch of financial profit in settlement is simply too distant to fulfill the definition of contingent legal responsibility. Ofqual has no contingent liabilities, distant or in any other case, that require disclosure beneath Parliamentary Reporting necessities.

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

The monetary statements

The notes following the monetary statements type a part of these accounts.

Assertion of complete internet expenditure

For the yr ended 31 March 2022.

This account summarises the expenditure and revenue generated and consumed on an accruals foundation. It additionally consists of different complete revenue and expenditure.

Merchandise Observe (if materials) 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Different working revenue 6 -173 -75
Complete working revenue   -173 -75
Workers prices 3 18,076 16,133
Buy of products and companies 4, 5 4,679 4,059
Depreciation and impairment fees 7, 8 298 161
Different working expenditure 4, 5 1,892 1,662
Complete working expenditure   24,945 22,014
Web working expenditure   24,772 21,939
Web expenditure for the yr   24,772 21,939
Different complete internet expenditure  
Complete internet expenditure for the yr   24,772 21,939

Assertion of economic place

As at 31 March 2022.

This assertion presents the monetary place of Ofqual on the finish of the monetary yr. It contains 3 principal parts: property owned or managed, liabilities owed to different our bodies, and fairness, the remaining worth of the entity.

Merchandise Observe (if materials) 31 March 2022 in 1000’s of £ 31 March 2021 in 1000’s of £
Non-Present Belongings: Property, plant and tools 7 250 273
Non-Present Belongings: Intangible property 8 798 676
Complete Non-Present Belongings   1,048 949
Present property: Commerce and different receivables 10 362 431
Present property: Money and money equivalents 9 1
Complete present property   362 432
Complete Belongings   1,410 1,381
Present liabilities: Commerce and different payables 11 -2,092 -2,053
Present liabilities: Provisions 14 -29 -29
Complete present liabilities   -2,121 -2,082
Complete property much less present liabilities   -711 -701
Non-current liabilities  
Complete property much less complete liabilities   -711 -701
Taxpayers’ fairness and different reserves: Basic Fund   -711 -701
Complete fairness   -711 -701

Dr Jo Saxton
Chief Regulator and Accounting Officer
5 July 2022

Assertion of money flows

For yr ended 31 March 2022.

The assertion of money flows reveals the adjustments in money and money equivalents of Ofqual in the course of the reporting interval. The assertion reveals how Ofqual generates and makes use of money and money equivalents by classifying money flows as working, investing and financing actions. The quantity of internet money flows arising from working actions is a key indicator of service prices and the extent to which these operations are funded by the use of revenue from the recipients of companies offered by Ofqual. Investing actions signify the extent to which money inflows and outflows have been made for assets that are meant to contribute to Ofqual’s future public service supply.

Money flows from working actions: Observe (if materials) 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Web working expenditure   -24,772 -21,939
Adjustment for non-cash transactions 4, 5 370 210
(Enhance) or lower in commerce and different receivables 10 69 -7
Enhance or (lower) in commerce and different payables 11 39 -1,210
Much less actions in payables referring to gadgets not passing by the SOCNE   1
Web money influx or (outflow) from working actions   -24,293 -22,946
Cashflows from investing actions Observe (if materials) 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Buy of property, plant and tools 7 -130 -96
Buy of intangible property 8 -267 -676
Web money influx or (outflow) from investing actions   -397 -772
Money flows from financing actions Observe (if materials) 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
From the Consolidated Fund (Provide) – present yr   24,690 23,717
Web financing   24,690 23,717
Merchandise Observe (if materials) 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Web enhance or (lower) in money and money equivalents within the interval (no changes are required for funds to the Consolidated Fund)   -1 -1
Money and money equivalents initially of the interval 9 1 2
Money and money equivalents on the finish of the interval 9 0 1

Assertion of adjustments in taxpayers’ fairness

For yr ended 31 March 2022.

Merchandise Observe (if materials) Basic Fund in 1000’s of £ Complete Reserves in 1000’s of £
Stability at 31 March 2020   -2,530 -2,530
Web Parliamentary funding drawn down   23,717 23,717
Complete internet expenditure for the yr SOCNE -21,939 -21,939
Auditor’s remuneration 4 49 49
Provide payable adjustment   1 1
Consolidated Fund Additional Receipts payable to the Consolidated Fund      
Stability at 31 March 2021   -701 -701
Web Parliamentary funding drawn down   24,690 24,690
Complete internet expenditure for the yr SOCNE -24,772 -24,772
Auditor’s remuneration 4 72 72
Provide payable adjustment   0 0
Consolidated Fund Additional Receipts payable to the Consolidated Fund      
Stability at 31 March 2022   -711 -711

Notes to the Accounts

Observe 1 – Assertion of accounting insurance policies

These monetary statements have been ready in accordance with the 2021 to 2022 authorities FReM issued by HM Treasury. The accounting insurance policies contained within the FReM apply IFRS as tailored or interpreted for the general public sector. The place the FReM permits a alternative of accounting coverage, the accounting coverage that’s judged to be most applicable to the actual circumstances of Ofqual for the aim of giving a real and truthful view has been chosen. The actual insurance policies adopted by Ofqual are described under. They’ve been utilized persistently in coping with gadgets which can be thought-about materials to the accounts.

Along with the first statements ready beneath IFRS, the FReM additionally requires Ofqual to arrange a further main assertion. The Assertion of Parliamentary Provide and supporting notes exhibiting outturn in opposition to Parliamentary Estimate by way of the web useful resource requirement and the web money requirement.

1.1 Accounting conference

These monetary statements have been ready beneath the historic price conference. Ofqual has a small asset base, and property, plant, tools and intangible property are held at depreciated historic price as a proxy for present worth, as permitted by the 2021 to 2022 FReM. No revaluation changes have been made in these accounts.

1.2 Accounting insurance policies
1.2.1 Going concern

In widespread with different authorities departments, funding for Ofqual will probably be met in the principle by future Grants of Provide to be accepted yearly by Parliament. The 2020 Spending Evaluate delivered a settlement for 2021 to 2022 that recognised the vital position that Ofqual performs in delivering authorities goals, with extra baseline funds being offered to help elevated capability for Ofqual’s core enterprise and reformed {qualifications}.

The 2021 Spending Evaluate achieved a settlement for the following 3 monetary years from 2022 to 2023 by 2024 to 2025. For the primary time since 2015, Ofqual, alongside different authorities departments, is ready to develop a complete monetary technique past the instant planning horizon. The settlement consolidated Ofqual’s position in vocational and technical {qualifications} reforms by the switch of everlasting programme funding and continues to recognise the significance of applicable capability and functionality for the efficient supply of goals.

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic created a heightened and dynamic danger surroundings that continues to be managed and reported by our Audit, Danger and Assurance Committee. Ofqual actively screens the sufficiency of Provide to fulfill the wants of the company plan for 2022 to 2025 and maintains common constructive discussions with the DfE and HM Treasury. A funds has been set for 2022 to 2023 alongside a medium-term monetary technique to 2025 that allows Ofqual to ship its goals and continued regulatory intent. Our administration of related dangers is printed within the governance assertion part of this report and Ofqual’s continued existence stays a matter of coverage. Subsequently, it’s thought-about applicable to undertake a going concern foundation for the preparation of those monetary statements.

1.2.2 Valuation of non-current property

Property, plant, tools and bought software program licences are capitalised if they’re meant to be used on a steady foundation for a couple of yr, and are held at depreciated historic price. The brink for capitalising non-current property is £5,000 on a person foundation. When buying teams of property that individually are valued at between £1,000 and £5,000 however taken collectively type a single collective asset, and are equal to or larger than £10,000, these are capitalised. Ofqual’s capitalisation thresholds have been set in 2017 and can subsequently be reviewed in 2022.

1.2.3 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation and amortisation are offered on all non-current property on a straight-line foundation to write down off price (much less any estimated residual worth) evenly over the asset’s anticipated helpful life. Asset lives are within the following ranges:

  • data know-how ({hardware}) – 3 to five years
  • bought pc software program – 5 years
1.2.4 Working and different revenue

Working and different revenue consists of prices recovered by Ofqual on its immediately offered companies, on a full-cost foundation. Working revenue is said internet of VAT. Additional element is offered in Observe 6.

Earnings is recognised with regard to the 5-step course of required by IFRS 15 Income from Contracts with Prospects. All wonderful and penalty revenue is paid over to the Consolidated Fund as proven in SOPS 4.2 according to the Consolidated Budgeting Steerage 2021 to 2022. IFRS 15 doesn’t apply to fines and penalties.

1.2.5 Administration and programme expenditure

Prices have been separated between programme and administration. Programme prices are mainly the prices related to Ofqual’s supply of frontline reform actions and embrace sure employees and data methods prices. Administration prices are the prices incurred in operating Ofqual.

1.2.6 Pensions

Previous and current workers are lined by a combination of the provisions of the Principal Civil Service Pension Scheme (PCSPS) and the Civil Servant and Different Pension Scheme (CSOPS). Each schemes are unfunded multi-employer outlined profit schemes. Ofqual accounts for its participation within the schemes as if it have been an outlined contribution scheme. Annual contributions payable to the scheme are recognised within the Assertion of Complete Web Expenditure. Additional pension particulars are contained within the remuneration report and employees report.

1.2.7 Leases

All leases are accounted for in accordance with the IAS 17 Leases. Classification is made on the inception of the related lease. Leases are considered working leases, and the leases are charged to the Assertion of Complete Web Expenditure over the time period of the lease. Ofqual has one main class of working lease, which pertains to the fee of hire on property. IAS 17 has been changed by IFRS 16, which is able to apply to Ofqual from 1 April 2022, as defined at Observe 1.3 under.

1.2.8 Monetary devices

Monetary Devices are recognised at truthful worth and charged to SOCNE according to IFRS 9 Monetary Devices and Observe 1.2.9 under. Ofqual doesn’t have any complicated monetary devices. Ofqual determines the classification of its monetary devices at preliminary recognition.

1.2.9 Monetary property

Ofqual holds the next monetary property:

  • money and money equivalents
  • commerce receivables – present

Money and money equivalents comprise Ofqual’s closing checking account stability and are recognised within the Assertion of Monetary Place and Assertion of Cashflow at truthful worth and charged to SOCNE.

Commerce and different receivables have mounted or determinable quantities that aren’t quoted on an open market. Commerce and different receivables don’t carry any curiosity and are recognised at truthful worth and charged to SOCNE within the Assertion of Monetary Place.

Monetary property are recognised when a contractual provision arises, and derecognised when the contractual rights to the money flows from the monetary asset expire.

1.2.10 Monetary liabilities

Commerce and different payables together with accruals are typically not curiosity bearing and are recognised within the Assertion of Monetary Place at truthful worth and charged to SOCNE on preliminary recognition. Monetary liabilities are recognised when a contractual provision arises and are derecognised when the duty specified within the contract has been discharged, cancelled or has expired.

1.2.11 Worth Added Tax

A lot of Ofqual’s actions are exterior the scope of Worth Added Tax (VAT) and, usually, output tax doesn’t apply and enter tax on purchases is commonly not recoverable. Irrecoverable VAT is charged to the related expenditure class or included within the capitalised buy price of mounted property. The place output tax is charged or enter VAT is recoverable, the quantities are recorded internet of VAT.

1.2.12 Contingent liabilities and contingent property

Along with contingent liabilities disclosed in accordance with IAS 37, Ofqual discloses for parliamentary reporting and accountability functions sure statutory and non-statutory contingent liabilities the place the chance of a switch of financial profit is distant, however which have been reported to Parliament in accordance with the necessities of Managing Public Cash.

The place the time worth of cash is materials, contingent liabilities, that are required to be disclosed beneath IAS 37, are said as discounted quantities and the quantity reported to Parliament individually famous. Contingent liabilities that aren’t required to be disclosed by IAS 37 are said on the quantities reported to Parliament and included within the Parliamentary and Accountability Report.

1.3 Impending software of newly issued accounting requirements not but efficient

In accordance with IAS 8, Ofqual has reviewed the IFRSs in concern however not but efficient, to find out if it must make any disclosures in respect of these new IFRSs which can be or will probably be relevant.

Ofqual has thought-about the updates to the IFRS 16 Leases. The brand new commonplace replaces IAS 17 Leases and introduces a brand new single accounting strategy for lessees for all leases, with restricted exceptions. Because of this, there is no such thing as a longer a distinction between working leases and finance leases, and lessees will recognise a legal responsibility to make lease funds and an asset representing the proper to make use of the underlying asset in the course of the lease time period. Ofqual has not adopted early and has assessed the influence on the monetary statements. One property is leased to be used as workplace area which is at present categorised as an working lease. The property lease will probably be recognised on the Assertion of Monetary Place from 1 April 2022.

Desk 28: Anticipated lease legal responsibility to be recognised upon adoption of IFRS 16

Description 1000’s of £
IAS 17 working lease commitments at 31 March 2022 per word 12 6,522
Much less leases to be handled as brief time period on preliminary adoption of IFRS 16 -3
Much less non-IFRS 16 lease parts included in IAS 17 -4,403
Add different lease parts not included in IAS 17
Adjustment for discounting of future cashflows -59
Anticipated IFRS 16 lease legal responsibility at 1 April 2022 2,057

HM Treasury has withdrawn the accounting coverage alternative to use IFRS 16 retrospectively to every prior reporting interval offered in accordance with IAS 8. On the date of preliminary software, subsequently, Ofqual will recognise the cumulative impact of initially making use of IFRS 16 as an adjustment to the opening stability of taxpayers’ fairness.

IFRS 16 doesn’t require the popularity of property or liabilities for leases the place the underlying asset is of low worth. HM Treasury has mandated the election of this feature, and Ofqual will subsequently recognise lease funds for low worth property as an expense. The brink for low worth property will mirror that of the capitalisation threshold in word 1 in part 1.2.2.

IFRS 16 equally doesn’t require the popularity of property or liabilities for leases of 12 months or much less. Once more, HM Treasury has mandated the election of this feature, requiring brief time period leases to be recognised as an expense. Ofqual has a small variety of leases that may have fewer than 12 months remaining on preliminary software of IFRS 16.

There isn’t any monetary influence arising from IAS 8 issues on this report.

1.4 Judgements and estimates

The preparation of economic statements requires Ofqual to make estimates and assumptions referring to uninvoiced items or companies that have an effect on the reported quantities of property and liabilities, disclosures of contingent property and liabilities and the reported quantities of income and bills in the course of the reporting interval. Precise outcomes might differ from these estimates. The place judgement of fabric work in progress of products and companies has been required, these have been agreed with the provider.

Ofqual moved to its workplace in Earlsdon Park, Coventry, in October 2018. In accordance with the Memorandum of Phrases of Occupation, Ofqual is chargeable for the dilapidations price referring to the occupied space on the finish of the time period. Ofqual has subsequently recognised a non-material provision in accordance with IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Belongings. A assessment of the availability happened in 2021 to 2022 and the prevailing provision was deemed ample to settle any future dilapidation prices. The estimate of the availability will probably be revised if, and when, circumstances change that would have a serious influence on the price.

Observe 2 – Assertion of working prices by working section

IFRS 8 requires working segments to be recognized on the idea of inside reviews about parts of an organisation which can be repeatedly reviewed by the Chief Working Determination Maker, which is the Chief Regulator in Ofqual, as a way to allocate assets to the segments and to evaluate their efficiency.

The next desk presents gross expenditure, revenue, depreciation and internet expenditure relating to the working segments, regulation, requirements and different directorates, based mostly on administration data produced in accordance with IFRS 8. Belongings and liabilities should not reported individually to the Chief Working Determination Maker, and so should not disclosed individually by working section.

Observe to desk: In 2021 to 2022, the directorates have been reorganised. Some capabilities have been co-located into the Chief Regulator’s Workplace that have been beforehand a part of the Technique, Danger and Analysis directorate, which is now known as the Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation directorate, and Company Companies. Related prices of £1.995 million from Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation and £1.421 million from Company Companies have been reclassified accordingly.

Merchandise 2021 to 2022 Basic {Qualifications} in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Vocational & Technical {Qualifications} in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Requirements, Analysis & Evaluation in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Nationwide Reference Check in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Regulatory Compliance in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Company Companies in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Chief Regulator’s Workplace in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Complete in 1000’s of £
Gross expenditure 3,110 6,976 1,392 2,233 1,108 5,587 4,241 24,647
Earnings -54 -61 -58 -173
Depreciation 298 298
Web expenditure 3,056 6,976 1,392 2,233 1,108 5,824 4,183 24,772
Merchandise 2020 to 2021 Basic {Qualifications} in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Vocational & Technical {Qualifications} in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Requirements, Analysis & Evaluation in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Nationwide Reference Check in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Regulatory Compliance in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Company Companies in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Chief Regulator’s Workplace in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Complete in 1000’s of £
Gross expenditure 2,487 5,478 2,703 1,596 746 5,403 3,440 21,853
Earnings -51 -24 -75
Depreciation 161 161
Web expenditure 2,487 5,478 2,703 1,596 746 5,513 3,416 21,939

Ofqual has 5 directorates:

  • Basic {Qualifications} offers devoted assets for this particular qualification space
  • Vocational and Technical {Qualifications} offers devoted assets for this particular qualification space together with continued supply of the reform programme of vocational and technical {qualifications}
  • Requirements, Analysis and Evaluation is chargeable for the analysis and evaluation capabilities to underpin the regulatory strategy
  • Regulatory and Company Companies contains administration of the Nationwide Reference Check, amassing proof and intelligence from awarding organisations and auditing their compliance with Ofqual’s rules, public dealing with companies, and enterprise help companies together with finance, industrial, HR, data administration within the working segments desk above that is proven throughout three columns: Nationwide Reference Check, Regulatory Compliance, and Company Companies as in step with inside administration reporting
  • Chief Regulator’s Workplace consists of the technique workforce, the authorized workforce, communications and the non-public workplace

Observe 3 – Workers prices

Workers prices by sort of employees

Description 2021 to 2022 Completely Employed Workers in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Others in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Complete in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Complete in 1000’s of £
Wages and salaries 12,511 876 13,387 11,932
Social safety prices 1,370 1,370 1,252
Different pension prices 3,319 3,319 2,949
Sub complete 17,200 876 18,076 16,133
Much less recoveries for outward secondments -50 -50 -19
Complete internet prices 17,150 876 18,026 16,114

Workers prices by funds

Class 2021 to 2022 Charged to administration budgets in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Charged to programme budgets in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Charged to capital budgets in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Complete in 1000’s of £
Core departments 12,171 5,855 18,026
Complete 12,171 5,855 18,026

Observe 4 – Different Administration prices

Description 2021 to 2022 Core Division in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Core Division in 1000’s of £
Non-cash gadgets: Auditor’s remuneration 72 49
Complete non-cash gadgets 72 49
Different expenditure: Direct operational expenditure 640 567
Different expenditure: Lease and lodging 959 936
Different expenditure: IT 1,074 970
Different expenditure: Recruitment, coaching and staff-related 411 284
Different expenditure: Finance and governance 1 3
Complete different expenditure 3,085 2,760
Complete different Administration prices 3,157 2,809

Observe 5 – Different Programme prices

Description 2021 to 2022 Core Division in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Core Division in 1000’s of £
Non-cash gadgets: Depreciation 153 161
Non-cash gadgets: Amortisation 145
Complete non-cash gadgets 298 161
Different expenditure: Direct operational expenditure 3,019 2,266
Different expenditure: Lease and lodging
Different expenditure: IT 371 561
Different expenditure: Recruitment, coaching and staff-related 23 84
Complete different expenditure 3,413 2,911
Complete different Programme prices 3,712 3,072

The persevering with enhance within the programme price base is because of the ongoing deal with the supply of reforms to vocational and technical {qualifications}, together with funding in supporting digital and knowledge methods to underpin Ofqual’s regulatory choices and actions.

Observe 6 – Earnings

Desk word 1: This row represents recoveries for outward secondments additionally proven in Observe 3.

Description 2021-22 Core Division £000 2020-21 Core Division £000
DfE 67 12
{Qualifications} Wales
Council for Curriculum, Examinations and Evaluation 34 37
Metropolis & Guilds 9
Division for Enterprise, Power and Industrial Technique (desk word 1) 50 19
Different revenue 13 7
Complete 173 75

Earnings elevated in 2021 to 2022 from 2020 to 2021 due primarily to a rise in recoveries of outward secondments and revenue acquired from the DfE.

Fines and penalties are collected as an agent for HM Treasury, and so are disclosed in SOPS 4.2 Consolidated Fund Earnings.

Observe 7 – Property, plant and tools

Description 2021 to 2022 Info Expertise in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Complete in 1000’s of £
Value or valuation: At 1 April 2021 671 671
Value or valuation: Additions 130 130
Value or valuation: Disposals
Value or valuation: At 31 March 2022 801 801
Depreciation: At 1 April 2021 398 398
Depreciation: Charged in yr 153 153
Depreciation: Disposals
Depreciation: At 31 March 2022 551 551
Carrying quantity at 31 March 2022 250 250
Carrying quantity at 1 April 2021 273 273
Asset financing: Owned 250 250
Asset financing: Carrying quantity at 31 March 2022 250 250
Description 2020 to 2021 Info Expertise in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Complete in 1000’s of £
Value or valuation: At 1 April 2020 575 575
Value or valuation: Additions 96 96
Value or valuation: Disposals
Value or valuation: At 31 March 2021 671 671
Depreciation: At 1 April 2020 238 238
Depreciation: Charged in yr 161 161
Depreciation: Disposals
Depreciation: At 31 March 2021 398 398
Carrying quantity at 31 March 2021 273 273
Carrying quantity at 1 April 2020 337 337
Asset financing: Owned 273 273
Asset financing: Carrying quantity at 31 March 2021 273 273

Observe 8 – Intangible property

Description 2021 to 2022 Software program Licenses in 1000’s of £ 2021 to 2022 Complete in 1000’s of £
Value or valuation: At 1 April 2021 676 676
Value or valuation: Additions 267 267
Value or valuation: Disposals
Value or valuation: At 31 March 2022 943 943
Amortisation: At 1 April 2021
Amortisation: Charged in yr 145 145
Amortisation: Disposals
Amortisation: At 31 March 2022 145 145
Carrying quantity at 31 March 2022 798 798
Carrying quantity at 1 April 2021 676 676
Asset financing: Owned 798 798
Asset financing: Carrying quantity at 31 March 2022 798 798
Description 2020 to 2021 Software program Licenses in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 Complete in 1000’s of £
Value or valuation: At 1 April 2020
Value or valuation: Additions 676 676
Value or valuation: Disposals
Value or valuation: At 31 March 2021 676 676
Amortisation: At 1 April 2020
Amortisation: Charged in yr
Amortisation: Disposals
Amortisation: At 31 March 2021
Carrying quantity at 31 March 2021 676 676
Carrying quantity at 1 April 2020
Asset financing: Owned 676 676
Asset financing: Carrying quantity at 31 March 2021 676 676

Observe 9 – Money and money equivalents

Description 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Stability at 1 April 1 2
Web change in money and money equivalents -1 -1
Stability at 31 March 0 1
Balances at 31 March have been held at: Authorities Banking Service 0 1
Stability at 31 March 0 1

Observe 10 – Commerce receivables

Quantities falling due inside 1 yr 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Commerce receivables 5 15
Different receivables 1
Prepayments 318 271
Accrued revenue 3 4
VAT 35 140
Complete at 31 March 362 431

Observe 11 – Commerce payables, financials and different liabilities

Quantities falling due inside 1 yr 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Different taxation and social safety 381 343
Commerce payables 214 331
Different payables
Accruals 1,494 1,375
Deferred revenue 3 3
Quantities issued from the Consolidated Fund for provide however not spent on the yr finish 1
Consolidated Fund further receipts because of be paid to the Consolidated Fund: Acquired
Consolidated Fund further receipts because of be paid to the Consolidated Fund: Receivable
Complete at 31 March 2,092 2,053

Observe 12 – Leases

The full future minimal working lease funds are given within the desk under for every of the next durations.

Buildings leases due 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Not later than one yr 899 899
Later than one yr and never later than 5 years 3,596 3,596
Later than 5 years 2,024 2,923
Complete 6,519 7,418
Different leases due 2021 to 2022 in 1000’s of £ 2020 to 2021 in 1000’s of £
Not later than one yr 3 16
Later than one yr and never later than 5 years 3
Later than 5 years
Complete 3 19

Observe 13 – Monetary dangers

As Ofqual’s money necessities are met by the Estimates course of, Ofqual’s publicity to credit score, liquidity or market danger is minimal. Monetary devices don’t have a task in creating and managing danger that they might for a private sector organisation of the same dimension. Ofqual actively engages with DfE and HM Treasury to mitigate any monetary dangers that will emerge on account of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Observe 14 – Provisions for liabilities and fees

Ofqual held a provision of £29k for dilapidations on the Earlsdon Park workplace in 2021 to 2022 (£29k in 2020 to 2021). It has been assessed that there is no such thing as a requirement to vary the availability in 2021 to 2022.

Observe 15 – Contingent liabilities

Ofqual has not entered into unquantifiable contingent liabilities by providing ensures or indemnities or by giving letters of consolation.

Ofqual had fee transactions with the next authorities departments and different central authorities our bodies and organisations in the course of the yr:

  • Authorities Authorized Division
  • Division for Work and Pensions
  • Authorities Property Company
  • Cupboard Workplace

Earnings was acquired from the next authorities departments and different central authorities our bodies and organisations in the course of the yr:

  • DfE
  • Division for Enterprise, Power and Industrial Technique
  • Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Evaluation

No board member, key administration employees or different associated social gathering has undertaken any materials transactions with the division in the course of the yr. The remuneration report lists all members of the administration board having authority or duty for guiding or controlling the foremost actions of the entity in the course of the yr.

Observe 17 – Entities inside the division boundary

Ofqual is the one physique inside its division boundary.

Observe 18 – Occasions after the reporting interval

In accordance with the necessities of IAS 10, occasions after the reporting interval are thought-about as much as the date that the Annual Report and Accounts have been authorised for concern of certification by the Comptroller and Auditor Basic. There have been no occasions after the reporting interval requiring an adjustment to the monetary statements, or to be reported.



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